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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (24002496)
Authors Cortes JE, Kantarjian H, Foran JM, Ghirdaladze D, Zodelava M, Borthakur G, Gammon G, Trone D, Armstrong RC, James J, Levis M
Title Phase I study of quizartinib administered daily to patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia irrespective of FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3-internal tandem duplication status.
Journal Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Vol 31
Issue 29
Date 2013 Oct 10
URL
Abstract Text FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3-internal tandem duplication (FLT3-ITD) mutations in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are associated with early relapse and poor survival. Quizartinib potently and selectively inhibits FLT3 kinase activity in preclinical AML models.Quizartinib was administered orally at escalating doses of 12 to 450 mg/day to 76 patients (median age, 60 years; range, 23 to 86 years; with a median of three prior therapies [range, 0 to 12 therapies]), enrolled irrespective of FLT3-ITD mutation status in a phase I, first-in-human study in relapsed or refractory AML.Responses occurred in 23 (30%) of 76 patients, including 10 (13%) complete remissions (CR) of any type (two CRs, three CRs with incomplete platelet recovery [CRp], five CRs with incomplete hematologic recovery [CRi]) and 13 (17%) with partial remissions (PRs). Of 17 FLT3-ITD-positive patients, nine responded (53%; one CR, one CRp, two CRis, five PRs); of 37 FLT3-ITD-negative patients, five responded (14%; two CRps, three PRs); of 22 with FLT3-ITD-indeterminate/not tested status, nine responded (41%; one CR, three CRis, five PRs). Median duration of response was 13.3 weeks; median survival was 14.0 weeks. The most common drug-related adverse events (> 10% incidence) were nausea (16%), prolonged QT interval (12%), vomiting (11%), and dysgeusia (11%); most were ≤ grade 2. The maximum-tolerated dose was 200 mg/day, and the dose-limiting toxicity was grade 3 QT prolongation. FLT3-ITD phosphorylation was completely inhibited in an in vitro plasma inhibitory assay.Quizartinib has clinical activity in patients with relapsed/refractory AML, particularly those with FLT3-ITD, and is associated with an acceptable toxicity profile.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
FLT3 Y599_D600insSTDNEYFYVDFREYEY acute myeloid leukemia predicted - sensitive Quizartinib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I clinical trial, patients with refractory or relapsed acute myeloid leukemia positive for FLT3-ITD demonstrated a 53% (9/17) response rate compared to a 14% (5/37) response rate in those patients negative for FLT3-ITD when treated with Quizartinib (AC220) (PMID: 24002496). 24002496