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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Goss G, Shepherd FA, Laurie S, Gauthier I, Leighl N, Chen E, Feld R, Powers J, Seymour L|
|Title||A phase I and pharmacokinetic study of daily oral cediranib, an inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor tyrosine kinases, in combination with cisplatin and gemcitabine in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer: a study of the National Cancer Institute of Canada Clinical Trials Group.|
|Journal||European journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990)|
|Abstract Text||Cediranib, a potent vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitor, demonstrated broad pre-clinical anti-tumour activity. This study evaluated escalating cediranib doses with combination chemotherapy in advanced non-small cell lung cancer patients.Patients received cisplatin 80 mg/m(2) on day 1 and gemcitabine 1250 mg/m(2) on days 1 and 8 of a 3-week cycle, and daily oral cediranib at either 30 mg or 45 mg. Pharmacokinetics of all drugs were analysed, and response was assessed by RECIST.Fifteen patients were enrolled. No dose-limiting toxicities were observed during cycle 1. Fatigue, nausea, diarrhoea, anorexia and granulocytopaenia were common; hypertension was manageable. No grade 3/4 bleeding occurred. At 45 mg/d, fatigue, diarrhoea and thrombocytopaenia were increased; and headache, hoarseness and grade 2 hand-foot syndrome were observed. Cediranib had no effect on cisplatin elimination, but clearance of gemcitabine is significantly reduced in the presence of cediranib (p>0.02). Central review confirmed responses in four of 15 enrolled patients (26.7%, 95% CI 7.8-55%) and four of 12 evaluable patients (33.3%, 95% CI 9.9-65%).Cediranib at 30 mg daily can be combined with standard doses of cisplatin/gemcitabine with encouraging anti-tumour activity, and is the recommended phase III dose. Toxicity is increased, but is predictable and manageable.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|Unknown unknown||lung non-small cell carcinoma||not applicable||Cediranib + Cisplatin + Gemcitabine||Phase I||Actionable||In a Phase I trial, the combination of Cediranib with Gemzar (gemcitabine) and Platinol (cisplatin) demonstrated preliminary efficacy in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (PMID: 19091548).||19091548|