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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Hickinson DM, Klinowska T, Speake G, Vincent J, Trigwell C, Anderton J, Beck S, Marshall G, Davenport S, Callis R, Mills E, Grosios K, Smith P, Barlaam B, Wilkinson RW, Ogilvie D|
|Title||AZD8931, an equipotent, reversible inhibitor of signaling by epidermal growth factor receptor, ERBB2 (HER2), and ERBB3: a unique agent for simultaneous ERBB receptor blockade in cancer.|
|Journal||Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research|
|Date||2010 Feb 15|
|Abstract Text||To test the hypothesis that simultaneous, equipotent inhibition of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR; erbB1), erbB2 (human epidermal growth factor receptor 2), and erbB3 receptor signaling, using the novel small-molecule inhibitor AZD8931, will deliver broad antitumor activity in vitro and in vivo.A range of assays was used to model erbB family receptor signaling in homodimers and heterodimers, including in vitro evaluation of erbB kinase activity, erbB receptor phosphorylation, proliferation in cells, and in vivo testing in a human tumor xenograft panel, with ex vivo evaluation of erbB phosphorylation and downstream biomarkers. Gefitinib and lapatinib were used to compare the pharmacological profile of AZD8931 with other erbB family inhibitors.In vitro, AZD8931 showed equipotent, reversible inhibition of EGFR (IC(50), 4 nmol/L), erbB2 (IC(50), 3 nmol/L), and erbB3 (IC(50), 4 nmol/L) phosphorylation in cells. In proliferation assays, AZD8931 was significantly more potent than gefitinib or lapatinib in specific squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck and non-small cell lung carcinoma cell lines. In vivo, AZD8931 inhibited xenograft growth in a range of models while significantly affecting EGFR, erbB2, and erbB3 phosphorylation and downstream signaling pathways, apoptosis, and proliferation.AZD8931 has a unique pharmacologic profile providing equipotent inhibition of EGFR, erbB2, and erbB3 signaling and showing greater antitumor activity than agents with a narrower spectrum of erbB receptor inhibition in specific preclinical models. AZD8931 provides the opportunity to investigate whether simultaneous inhibition of erbB receptor signaling could be of utility in the clinic, particularly in the majority of solid tumors that do not overexpress erbB2.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Sapitinib||AZD8931|AZD-8931||EGFR Inhibitor (Pan) 46 HER2 Inhibitor 24 HER3 Inhibitor 2||Sapitinib (AZD-8931) binds to and inhibits the ERBB family members EGFR, ERBB2 (HER2), and ERBB3, which may lead to decreased tumor cell proliferation and increased apoptosis (PMID: 20145185, PMID: 31765988).|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|Unknown unknown||Advanced Solid Tumor||not applicable||Sapitinib||Preclinical - Cell line xenograft||Actionable||In a preclinical study, Sapitinib (AZD8931) inhibited EGFR, ERBB2 (HER2), and ERBB3 (HER3) kinase activity, and inhibited tumor growth in several cell line xenograft models, including breast, NSCLC, colorectal, and head and neck squamous cell carcinoma xenograft models (PMID: 20145185).||20145185|