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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Warshamana-Greene GS, Litz J, Buchdunger E, García-Echeverría C, Hofmann F, Krystal GW|
|Title||The insulin-like growth factor-I receptor kinase inhibitor, NVP-ADW742, sensitizes small cell lung cancer cell lines to the effects of chemotherapy.|
|Journal||Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research|
|Date||2005 Feb 15|
|Abstract Text||Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) is a potent growth factor for small cell lung cancer (SCLC) in both the autocrine and endocrine context. It also inhibits chemotherapy-induced apoptosis through activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-Akt pathway and we have previously shown that inhibition of this signaling pathway enhances sensitivity of SCLC cell lines to chemotherapy. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the novel IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR) kinase inhibitor, NVP-ADW742, sensitizes SCLC cell lines to etoposide and carboplatin, which are commonly used in the treatment of SCLC.Cell growth in the presence of various combinations of NVP-ADW742, imatinib (STI571; Gleevec/Glivec), and chemotherapeutic agents was monitored using a 3-(4,5 dimethylthiazol-2yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and analyzed using the Chou-Talalay multiple-drug-effect equation. Induction of apoptosis was assessed using terminal deoxynucleotide transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) and Western blot analysis of procaspase 3 and poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase cleavage. IGF-I-induced vascular endothelial cell growth factor expression was monitored by Northern blot and ELISA.NVP-ADW742 synergistically enhanced sensitivity of multiple SCLC cell lines to etoposide and carboplatin. Maximal enhancement occurred at concentrations of NVP-ADW742 that eliminated basal PI3K-Akt activity in individual cell lines. In the WBA cell line, in which the c-Kit receptor tyrosine kinase is partly responsible for basal PI3K-Akt activity, the combination of NVP-ADW742 and imatinib was superior to NVP-ADW742 alone in sensitizing the cells to etoposide. Enhancement of the sensitivity of SCLC cell lines to etoposide, as determined by MTT assay, correlated closely with sensitization to the induction of apoptosis as measured by TUNEL and caspase activation assays. Treatment with NVP-ADW742 also eliminated IGF-I-mediated expression of vascular endothelial cell growth factor, suggesting that in addition to enhancing sensitivity of SCLC to chemotherapy, this kinase inhibitor could potentially inhibit angiogenesis in vivo.Inhibition of IGF-IR signaling synergistically enhances the sensitivity of SCLC to etoposide and carboplatin. This enhancement in sensitivity to chemotherapy tightly correlates with inhibition of PI3K-Akt activation. Future SCLC clinical trials incorporating IGF-IR inhibitors alone or in combination with other kinase inhibitors should include assessment of PI3K-Akt activity as a pharmacodynamic end-point.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|Unknown unknown||lung small cell carcinoma||not applicable||Etoposide + NVP-ADW742||Preclinical||Actionable||In a preclinical study, NVP-ADW742, when combined with Toposaur (etoposide), demonstrated a synergistic effect in small cell lung cancer cell lines, resulting in inhibition of Akt signaling (PMID: 15746061).||15746061|