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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Leijen S, Middleton MR, Tresca P, Kraeber-Bodéré F, Dieras V, Scheulen ME, Gupta A, Lopez-Valverde V, Xu ZX, Rueger R, Tessier JJ, Shochat E, Blotner S, Naegelen VM, Schellens JH, Eberhardt WE|
|Title||Phase I dose-escalation study of the safety, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of the MEK inhibitor RO4987655 (CH4987655) in patients with advanced solid tumors.|
|Journal||Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research|
|Date||2012 Sep 01|
|Abstract Text||This phase I study of the mitogen-activated protein/extracellular signal-regulated kinase inhibitor RO4987655 (CH4987655) assessed its maximum tolerated dose (MTD), dose-limiting toxicities (DLT), safety, pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic profile, and antitumor activity in patients with advanced solid tumors.An initial dose escalation was conducted using a once-daily dosing schedule, with oral RO4987655 administered at doses of 1.0 to 2.5 mg once daily over 28 consecutive days in 4-week cycles. Doses were then escalated from 3.0 to 21.0 mg [total daily dose (TDD)] using a twice-daily dosing schedule.Forty-nine patients were enrolled. DLTs were blurred vision (n = 1) and elevated creatine phosphokinase (n = 3). The MTD was 8.5 mg twice daily (TDD, 17.0 mg). Rash-related toxicity (91.8%) and gastrointestinal disorders (69.4%) were the most frequent adverse events. The pharmacokinetic profile of RO4987655 showed dose linearity and a half-life of approximately 4 hours. At the MTD, target inhibition, assessed by suppression of extracellular signal-regulated kinase phosphorylation in peripheral blood mononuclear cells, was high (mean 75%) and sustained (90% of time >IC(50)). Of the patients evaluable for response, clinical benefit was seen in 21.1%, including two partial responses (one confirmed and one unconfirmed). 79.4% of patients showed a reduction in fluorodeoxyglucose uptake by positron emission tomography between baseline and day 15.In this population of heavily pretreated patients, oral RO4987655 showed manageable toxicity, a favorable pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics profile, and promising preliminary antitumor activity, which has been further investigated in specific populations of patients with RAS and/or RAF mutation driven tumors.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|Unknown unknown||Advanced Solid Tumor||not applicable||RO4987655||Phase I||Actionable||In a Phase I trial, RO4987655 demonstrated safety and preliminary efficacy in patients with advanced solid tumors (PMID: 22767668).||22767668|