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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Petrylak DP, Tagawa ST, Kohli M, Eisen A, Canil C, Sridhar SS, Spira A, Yu EY, Burke JM, Shaffer D, Pan CX, Kim JJ, Aragon-Ching JB, Quinn DI, Vogelzang NJ, Tang S, Zhang H, Cavanaugh CT, Gao L, Kauh JS, Walgren RA, Chi KN|
|Title||Docetaxel As Monotherapy or Combined With Ramucirumab or Icrucumab in Second-Line Treatment for Locally Advanced or Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma: An Open-Label, Three-Arm, Randomized Controlled Phase II Trial.|
|Journal||Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology|
|Date||2016 May 01|
|Abstract Text||This trial assessed the efficacy and safety of docetaxel monotherapy or docetaxel in combination with ramucirumab (vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 antibody) or icrucumab (vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 antibody) after progression during or within 12 months of platinum-based regimens for patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma.Patients were randomly assigned (1:1:1) to receive docetaxel 75 mg/m(2) intravenously (IV) on day 1 of a 3-week cycle (arm A), docetaxel 75 mg/m(2) IV plus ramucirumab 10 mg/kg IV on day 1 of a 3-week cycle (arm B), or docetaxel 75 mg/m(2) IV on day 1 plus icrucumab 12 mg/kg IV on days 1 and 8 of a 3-week cycle (arm C). Treatment continued until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The primary end point was investigator-assessed progression-free survival (PFS).A total of 140 patients were randomly assigned and treated in arms A (n = 45), B (n = 46), or C (n = 49). PFS was significantly longer in arm B compared with arm A (median, 5.4 months; 95% CI, 3.1 to 6.9 months v 2.8 months; 95% CI, 1.9 to 3.6 months; stratified hazard ratio, 0.389; 95% CI, 0.235 to 0.643; P = .0002). Arm C did not experience improved PFS compared with arm A (1.6 months; 95% CI, 1.4 to 2.9; stratified hazard ratio, 0.863; 95% CI, 0.550 to 1.357; P = .5053). The most common grade 3 or worse adverse events (arms A, B, and C) were neutropenia (36%, 33%, and 39%), fatigue (13%, 30%, and 20%), febrile neutropenia (13%, 17%, and 6.1%), and anemia (6.7%, 13%, and 14%, respectively).The addition of ramucirumab to docetaxel met the prespecified efficacy end point for prolonging PFS in patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma receiving second-line treatment and warrants further investigation in the phase III setting.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|Unknown unknown||transitional cell carcinoma||no benefit||Docetaxel + Icrucumab||Phase II||Actionable||In a Phase II trial, Icrucumab (IMC-18F1) and Taxotere (docetaxel) combination treatment did not result in improved median progression-free survival (1.6 months) when compared to Taxotere (docetaxel) single treatment (2.8 months) in urothelial carcinoma patients (PMID: 26926681).||26926681|
|Unknown unknown||transitional cell carcinoma||not applicable||Docetaxel + Ramucirumab||Phase II||Actionable||In a Phase II trial, Cyramza (ramucirumab) and Taxotere (docetaxel) combination treatment resulted in improved median progression-free survival (5.4 months) when compared to Taxotere (docetaxel) single treatment (2.8 months) in urothelial carcinoma patients (PMID: 26926681).||26926681|