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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Mallon R, Hollander I, Feldberg L, Lucas J, Soloveva V, Venkatesan A, Dehnhardt C, Delos Santos E, Chen Z, Dos Santos O, Ayral-Kaloustian S, Gibbons J|
|Title||Antitumor efficacy profile of PKI-402, a dual phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor.|
|Journal||Molecular cancer therapeutics|
|Abstract Text||PKI-402 is a selective, reversible, ATP-competitive, equipotent inhibitor of class I phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3K), including PI3K-alpha mutants, and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR; IC(50) versus PI3K-alpha = 2 nmol/L). PKI-402 inhibited growth of human tumor cell lines derived from breast, brain (glioma), pancreas, and non-small cell lung cancer tissue and suppressed phosphorylation of PI3K and mTOR effector proteins (e.g., Akt at T308) at concentrations that matched those that inhibited cell growth. In MDA-MB-361 [breast: Her2(+) and PIK3CA mutant (E545K)], 30 nmol/L PKI-402 induced cleaved poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), a marker for apoptosis. In vivo, PKI-402 inhibited tumor growth in MDA-MB-361, glioma (U87MG), and lung (A549) xenograft models. In MDA-MB-361, PKI-402 at 100 mg/kg (daily for 5 days, one round) reduced initial tumor volume of 260 mm(3) to 129 mm(3) and prevented tumor regrowth for 70 days. In MDA-MB-361 tumors, PKI-402 (100 mg/kg, single dose) suppressed Akt phosphorylation (at T308) and induced cleaved PARP. Suppression of phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt) was complete at 8 hours and still evident at 24 hours. Cleaved PARP was evident at 8 and 24 hours. In normal tissue (heart and lung), PKI-402 (100 mg/kg) had minimal effect on p-Akt, with no detectable cleaved PARP. Preferential accumulation of PKI-402 in tumor tissue was observed. Complete, sustained suppression of Akt phosphorylation may cause tumor regression in MDA-MB-361 and other xenograft models. We are testing whether dual PI3K/mTOR inhibitors can durably suppress p-Akt, induce cleaved PARP, and cause tumor regression in a diverse set of human tumor xenograft models. Mol Cancer Ther; 9(4); 976-84. (c)2010 AACR.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|PKI-402||mTOR Inhibitor 51 PI3K Inhibitor (Pan) 39||PKI-402 is a dual ATP-competitive mTOR/PI3K inhibitor, which leads to reduced downstream signaling, potentially resulting in decreased tumor growth (PMID: 20371716, PMID: 32585451).|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|PIK3CA E545K||breast cancer||sensitive||PKI-402||Preclinical - Cell line xenograft||Actionable||In a preclinical study, treatment with PKI-402 resulted in decreased Akt phosphorylation and tumor regression in ERBB2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer cell line xenograft models harboring PIK3CA E545K (PMID: 20371716).||20371716|
|PTEN loss||glioblastoma||sensitive||PKI-402||Preclinical - Cell line xenograft||Actionable||In a preclinical study, PKI-402 inhibited tumor growth in PTEN-negative glioblastoma multiforme cell line xenograft models (PMID: 20371716).||20371716|