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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Bujko M, Kober P, Matyja E, Nauman P, Dyttus-Cebulok K, Czeremszyńska B, Bonicki W, Siedlecki JA|
|Title||Prognostic value of IDH1 mutations identified with PCR-RFLP assay in glioblastoma patients.|
|Journal||Molecular diagnosis & therapy|
|Date||2010 Jun 01|
|Abstract Text||It has been shown that somatic missense mutations in codon 132 of the NADP+ dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) gene occur frequently in primary brain tumors including highly malignant glioblastoma (GBM). The aim of this study was to evaluate a PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP)-based method for missense mutation detection and to estimate the prognostic value of the two most frequent IDH1 codon 132 mutations, R132H and R132C, in patients with newly diagnosed GBM treated with radiation combined with temozolomide.DNA was extracted from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue. The PCR-RFLP method was adapted to IDH1 codon 132 mutation screening. The mutation status was determined in a group of 58 patients.We found R132H mutations in 14% of patients. No R132C mutation was found in this study. Median follow-up for living patients was 31 (range 17-51) months. Median progression-free survival in the group of patients with IDH1 mutation was 29 months compared with 10 months in the IDH1 wild-type group (p = 0.004; hazard ratio [HR] 3.09, 95% CI 1.25, 4.78). Median overall survival in the group with IDH1 mutation has not been reached, whereas in the group with wild-type IDH1 it was 19.5 months (p < 0.001; HR 4.76, 95% CI 1.22, 6.30). Three-year overall survival was 60% in the group with IDH1 mutation while in the wild-type IDH1 group it dropped to 29%. IDH1 mutations significantly correlated with younger age (p = 0.02).Our results indicate that the IDH1 R132H mutation is a powerful prognostic marker in GBM treated with chemoradiation. The PCR-RFLP method allows for a fast, inexpensive, and sensitive mutation screening.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
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|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|IDH1 mutant||glioblastoma multiforme||not applicable||N/A||Clinical Study||Prognostic||In multiple clinical studies, including two meta-analyses, IDH1 mutations were associated with a greater overall survival and progression-free survival in patients with glioblastoma (PMID: 23904262, PMID: 26945349, PMID: 20560678).||20560678 23904262 26945349|