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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Zhou KG, Jiang LJ, Shang Z, Wang J, Huang L, Zhou JF|
|Title||Potential application of IDH1 and IDH2 mutations as prognostic indicators in non-promyelocytic acute myeloid leukemia: a meta-analysis.|
|Journal||Leukemia & lymphoma|
|Abstract Text||Recurrent mutations of isocitrate dehydrogenase isoforms 1 and 2 (IDH1 and IDH2) have recently been studied in adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). A meta-analysis was performed to demonstrate their controversial prognostic impacts. The associations of IDH1 or IDH2 mutations with other molecular abnormalities were also investigated. In patients with AML, IDH1/2 mutations were significantly associated with normal karyotype and isolated trisomy 8 (p < .05). After adjusting for well-studied prognostic factors, IDH1 mutation seems to be associated with subtle but significantly inferior event-free survival (EFS) (p = 0.02) and possible adverse overall survival (OS) (p = 0.13) in patients with AML, especially in the favorable genotype subset with mutated NPM1 but without FLT3-ITD mutation (p < 0.05). Longer OS (p = 0.01) and better EFS tendency (p = 0.18) are implicated in patients with IDH2 mutations, which suggests that IDH2 mutations appear to confer a favorable prognosis. Moreover, IDH1 and IDH2 mutations may play a more important role in abnormal cytogenetics subgroups such as isolated trisomy 8. Screening of IDH1/2 mutations could help to identify patients at high risk within some subsets of AML.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|IDH1 mutant||acute myeloid leukemia||not applicable||N/A||Clinical Study||Prognostic||In two meta-analyses, IDH1 mutations were associated with a worse overall survival in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (PMID: 22616558, PMID: 23226625).||22616558 23226625|