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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (22616558)
Authors Zhou KG, Jiang LJ, Shang Z, Wang J, Huang L, Zhou JF
Title Potential application of IDH1 and IDH2 mutations as prognostic indicators in non-promyelocytic acute myeloid leukemia: a meta-analysis.
Journal Leukemia & lymphoma
Vol 53
Issue 12
Date 2012 Dec
Abstract Text Recurrent mutations of isocitrate dehydrogenase isoforms 1 and 2 (IDH1 and IDH2) have recently been studied in adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). A meta-analysis was performed to demonstrate their controversial prognostic impacts. The associations of IDH1 or IDH2 mutations with other molecular abnormalities were also investigated. In patients with AML, IDH1/2 mutations were significantly associated with normal karyotype and isolated trisomy 8 (p < .05). After adjusting for well-studied prognostic factors, IDH1 mutation seems to be associated with subtle but significantly inferior event-free survival (EFS) (p = 0.02) and possible adverse overall survival (OS) (p = 0.13) in patients with AML, especially in the favorable genotype subset with mutated NPM1 but without FLT3-ITD mutation (p < 0.05). Longer OS (p = 0.01) and better EFS tendency (p = 0.18) are implicated in patients with IDH2 mutations, which suggests that IDH2 mutations appear to confer a favorable prognosis. Moreover, IDH1 and IDH2 mutations may play a more important role in abnormal cytogenetics subgroups such as isolated trisomy 8. Screening of IDH1/2 mutations could help to identify patients at high risk within some subsets of AML.


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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
IDH1 mutant acute myeloid leukemia not applicable N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In two meta-analyses, IDH1 mutations were associated with a worse overall survival in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (PMID: 22616558, PMID: 23226625). 22616558 23226625