Reference Detail


Missing content? – Request curation!

Request curation for specific Genes, variants, or PubMed publications.

Have questions, comments or suggestions? - Let us know!

Email us at :

Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (12586620)
Authors Hitzler JK, Cheung J, Li Y, Scherer SW, Zipursky A
Title GATA1 mutations in transient leukemia and acute megakaryoblastic leukemia of Down syndrome.
Journal Blood
Vol 101
Issue 11
Date 2003 Jun 1
Abstract Text Children with constitutional trisomy 21 (Down syndrome) have an approximately 500-fold increased risk of developing acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (AMKL), a form of acute myeloid leukemia. Unique to newborn infants with Down syndrome is a transient leukemia (TL), also referred to as transient myeloproliferative syndrome, that undergoes spontaneous remission in the majority of cases but in approximately 20% is followed by AMKL later in life. Recently mutations of the gene encoding the hematopoietic transcription factor GATA1 were shown to be specific for AMKL of Down syndrome. Here, we demonstrate that GATA1 mutations are present in blasts of TL and show the identical GATA1 mutation in sequential samples collected from a patient during TL and subsequent AMKL. These findings suggest a model of malignant transformation in Down syndrome AMKL in which GATA1 mutations are an early event and AMKL arises from latent TL clones following initial apparent remission.


  • Case insensitive filtering will display rows where any text in any cell matches the filter term
  • Simple literal full or partial string matches
  • Separate multiple filter terms with a spaces, order doesn't matter (a b c and c b a are equivalent )
  • Filtering will only apply to rows that are already loaded on the page, filtering has no impact on query parameters
  • Use quotes to match a longer phrase which contains spaces "mtor c1483f"


  • Generally, the default sort order for tables is set to be first column ascending, however, specific tables may set a different default sort order.
  • Click on any column header arrows to sort by that column
  • Hold down the Shift key and click multiple columns to sort by more than one column, be sure to set ascending or descending order for a given column, before moving on to the next column.

Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
GATA1 mutant megakaryocytic leukemia not applicable N/A Clinical Study Diagnostic GATA1 mutations are used in the diagnosis of Down Syndrome related acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (PMID: 25266042, PMID: 14636651, PMID: 12586620). 14636651 12586620 25266042