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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (26194343)
Authors Ribera J, Morgades M, Zamora L, Montesinos P, Gómez-Seguí I, Pratcorona M, Sarrà J, Guàrdia R, Nomdedeu J, Tormo M, Martínez-Lopez J, Hernández-Rivas JM, González-Campos J, Barba P, Escoda L, Genescà E, Solé F, Millá F, Feliu E, Ribera JM, null null
Title Prognostic significance of copy number alterations in adolescent and adult patients with precursor B acute lymphoblastic leukemia enrolled in PETHEMA protocols.
Journal Cancer
Vol 121
Issue 21
Date 2015 Nov 01
URL
Abstract Text Some copy number alterations (CNAs) have independent prognostic significance for adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).This study analyzed via multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification the frequency and prognostic impact of CNAs of 12 genetic regions in 142 adolescents and adults with de novo precursor B-cell ALL.The cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2A/B (CDKN2A/B) deletion (59 of 142 or 42%) was the most frequent CNA, and it was followed by Ikaros family zinc finger 1 (IKZF1) losses (49 of 142 or 35%). IKZF1 deletions were more prevalent in Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive ALL and were associated with advanced age and high white blood cell (WBC) counts. The multivariate analysis showed that advanced age and early B-cell factor 1 (EBF1) deletions were associated with chemotherapy resistance in both the whole series (hazard ratios, 0.949 and 0.135, respectively) and the Ph-negative subgroup (hazard ratios, 0.946 and 0.118, respectively). High WBC counts and focal IKZF1 deletions correlated with disease recurrence (hazard ratios, 1.005 and 1.869, respectively), whereas advanced age and CDKN2A/B losses influenced overall survival in both the whole series (hazard ratios, 1.038 and 2.545, respectively) and the Ph-negative subgroup (hazard ratios, 1.044 and 2.105, respectively).Deletions of EBF1, IKZF1, and CDKN2A/B have an independent adverse prognosis for adolescents and adults with B-precursor ALL, and this suggests that these CNAs should be included in the initial risk assessment of ALL.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
IKZF1 del acute lymphoblastic leukemia not applicable N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In multiple clinical studies, including a meta-analysis, IKZF1 deletion was associated with a worse event-free survival and overall survival in patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia (PMID: 25335741, PMID: 26194343, PMID: 27067989). 25335741 26194343 27067989