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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Parkin B, Ouillette P, Yildiz M, Saiya-Cork K, Shedden K, Malek SN|
|Title||Integrated genomic profiling, therapy response, and survival in adult acute myelogenous leukemia.|
|Journal||Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research|
|Date||2015 May 01|
|Abstract Text||Recurrent gene mutations, chromosomal translocations, and acquired genomic copy number aberrations (aCNA) have been variously associated with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) patient outcome. However, knowledge of the co-occurrence of such lesions and the relative influence of different types of genomic alterations on clinical outcomes in AML is still evolving.We performed SNP 6.0 array-based genomic profiling of aCNA/copy neutral loss-of-heterozygosity (cnLOH) along with sequence analysis of 13 commonly mutated genes on purified leukemic blast DNA from 156 prospectively enrolled non-FAB-M3 AML patients across the clinical spectrum of de novo, secondary, and therapy-related AML.TP53 and RUNX1 mutations are strongly associated with the presence of SNP-A-based aCNA/cnLOH, while FLT3 and NPM1 mutations are strongly associated with the absence of aCNA/cnLOH. The presence of mutations in RUNX1, ASXL1, and TP53, elevated SNP-A-based genomic complexity, and specific recurrent aCNAs predicted failure to achieve a complete response to induction chemotherapy. The presence of ≥1 aCNA/cnLOH and higher thresholds predicted for poor long-term survival irrespective of TP53 status, and the presence of ≥1 aCNA/cnLOH added negative prognostic information to knowledge of mutations in TET2, IDH1, NPM1, DNMT3A, and RUNX1. Results of multivariate analyses support a dominant role for TP53 mutations and a role for elevated genomic complexity as predictors of short survival in AML.Integrated genomic profiling of a clinically relevant adult AML cohort identified genomic aberrations most associated with SNP-A-based genomic complexity, resistance to intensive induction therapies, and shortened overall survival. Identifying SNP-A-based lesions adds prognostic value to the status of several recurrently mutated genes.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|RUNX1 mutant||acute myeloid leukemia||not applicable||N/A||Clinical Study||Prognostic||In clinical analyses, RUNX1 mutations were associated with adverse clinical outcome in acute myeloid leukemia patients (PMID: 21343560, PMID: 22689681, PMID: 22753902, PMID: 25652455).||21343560 25652455 22689681 22753902|