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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (26516930)
Authors Astolfi A, Melchionda F, Perotti D, Fois M, Indio V, Urbini M, Genovese CG, Collini P, Salfi N, Nantron M, D'Angelo P, Spreafico F, Pession A
Title Whole transcriptome sequencing identifies BCOR internal tandem duplication as a common feature of clear cell sarcoma of the kidney.
Journal Oncotarget
Vol 6
Issue 38
Date 2015 Dec 01
URL
Abstract Text Clear cell sarcoma of the kidney (CCSK) is a rare pediatric renal tumor that is frequently difficult to distinguish among other childhood renal tumors due to its histological heterogeneity. This work evaluates genetic abnormalities carried by a series of CCSK samples by whole transcriptome sequencing (WTS), to identify molecular biomarkers that could improve the diagnostic process.WTS was performed on tumor RNA from 8 patients with CCSK. Bioinformatic analysis, with implementation of a pipeline for detection of intragenic rearrangements, was executed. Sanger sequencing and gene expression were evaluated to validate BCOR internal tandem duplication (ITD).WTS did not identify any shared SNVs, Ins/Del or fusion event. Conversely, analysis of intragenic rearrangements enabled the detection of a breakpoint within BCOR transcript recurrent in all samples. Three different in-frame ITD in exon15 of BCOR, were detected. The presence of the ITD was confirmed on tumor DNA and cDNA, and resulted in overexpression of BCOR.WTS coupled with specific bioinformatic analysis is able to detect rare genetic events, as intragenic rearrangements. ITD in the last exon of BCOR is recurrent in all CCSK samples analyzed, representing a valuable molecular marker to improve diagnosis of this rare childhood renal tumor.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
BCOR mutant kidney clear cell sarcoma not applicable N/A Clinical Study Emerging In multiple clinical analyses, internal tandem duplications of the BCOR gene were consistently found in clear cell sarcoma of the kidney (PMID: 26098867, PMID: 26516930, PMID: 26573325, PMID: 26150234), suggesting that this may serve as a future diagnostic biomarker. 26150234 26098867 26516930 26573325