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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (25055137)
Authors Pham-Ledard A, Beylot-Barry M, Barbe C, Leduc M, Petrella T, Vergier B, Martinez F, Cappellen D, Merlio JP, Grange F
Title High frequency and clinical prognostic value of MYD88 L265P mutation in primary cutaneous diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, leg-type.
Journal JAMA dermatology
Vol 150
Issue 11
Date 2014 Nov
URL
Abstract Text The activating mutation of MYD88 L265P is a frequent feature of primary cutaneous diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, leg-type (PCLBCL-LT), reported in up to 69% of the cases. Whether patients with MYD88 mutation display specific clinical and evolutive features has not been evaluated.To identify the clinical characteristics associated with MYD88 mutation, confirm its high prevalence, and evaluate its effect on prognosis in patients with PCLBCL-LT.A retrospective multicenter study was conducted using the medical records of patients from dermatology departments belonging to the French Study Group for Cutaneous Lymphomas. Sixty-one patients with a diagnosis of PCLBCL-LT made between 1988 and 2010 who were available for molecular study were included. Of these, 58 patients displaying interpretable results constituted the study group. Median follow-up was 33 months, and 39 patients (67%) were monitored until death.Clinical features (age, sex, number of skin lesions, tumor stage, and location as leg vs elsewhere), MYD88 mutation (allele-specific TaqMan polymerase chain reaction assay), treatment regimen, and outcome were recorded. Baseline characteristics and outcome were compared according to the status of MYD88.The median age of the patients was 79 years, and 59% were female. Skin lesions were located on the leg in 76% of the cases. Thirty-four of 58 patients (59%) harbored the MYD88 L265P mutation. Patients had similar clinical characteristics at presentation regardless of their MYD88 status, except that those harboring the MYD88 mutation were older (P = .006) and had more frequent involvement of the leg (P = .008). Patients harboring the MYD88 mutation had 3- and 5-year-specific survival rates of 65.7% and 60.2% vs 85.4% and 71.7% in patients with the wild-type allele. The MYD88 mutation was significantly associated with shorter disease-specific survival in univariate (P = .03) and multivariate (odds ratio, 3.01; 95% CI, 1.03-8.78; P = .04) analysis. There was no significant difference between the groups in their treatment regimens. Considering overall survival, in univariate (P = .002) and multivariate (odds ratio, 2.94; 95% CI, 1.18-7.30; P = .02) analysis, MYD88 L265P mutation was an independent adverse prognostic factor.This study confirms the high prevalence of MYD88 L265P mutation in PCLBCL-LT and shows its association with shorter survival. The clinical effect of MYD88 mutation activating the nuclear factor-κB pathway supports the use of targeted therapies at the time of relapse after conventional therapies.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
MYD88 L265P diffuse large B-cell lymphoma not applicable N/A Clinical Study Prognostic In multiple clinical studies, MYD88 L265P was associated with a worse overall survival in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma when compared to MYD88 wild-type (PMID: 24903481, PMID: 25055137, PMID: 26792260). 26792260 24903481 25055137