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PMID (26788199)
Authors Chen H, Li LQ, Pan D
Title Geldanamycin induces apoptosis in human gastric carcinomas by affecting multiple oncogenic kinases that have synergic effects with TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand.
Journal Oncology letters
Vol 10
Issue 6
Date 2015 Dec
URL
Abstract Text The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of geldanamycin (GA) on the treatment of human gastric carcinomas and to investigate the molecular mechanism that provides the basis for the combination of GA with the tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) induction strategy. The expression of target proteins at the mRNA level was determined using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and apoptosis was evaluated with the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase mediated digoxigenin-dUTP nick-end labeling and Annexin V/propidium iodide (PI) staining methods. Phosphorylation of targeted kinases was studied using immunocytochemistry methods, and malignant phenotypes were studied using in vitro assays. GA treatment inhibits proliferation, migration and invasion, and induces apoptosis in human gastric cancer SGC-7901 cells, most likely by decreasing the expression of B-RAF and by phosphorylation of protein kinase B (AKT) and ERK. The inhibitory role of AKT in TRAIL regulation holds considerable potential for achieving a synergic effect in clinical therapy, using a combination of GA treatment and TRAIL induction. The present study provides a basis for the future application of heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) inhibitors, such as GA, in the clinical treatment of gastric cancer, particularly in combination therapies with TRAIL inducers.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
Unknown unknown stomach cancer not applicable Geldanamycin Preclinical Actionable In a preclinical study, Geldanamycin inhibited proliferation of a human gastric cancer cell line in culture (PMID: 26788199). 26788199