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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (26486786)
Authors Verger E, Cassinat B, Chauveau A, Dosquet C, Giraudier S, Schlageter MH, Ianotto JC, Yassin MA, Al-Dewik N, Carillo S, Legouffe E, Ugo V, Chomienne C, Kiladjian JJ
Title Clinical and molecular response to interferon-α therapy in essential thrombocythemia patients with CALR mutations.
Journal Blood
Vol 126
Issue 24
Date 2015 Dec 10
URL
Abstract Text Myeloproliferative neoplasms are clonal disorders characterized by the presence of several gene mutations associated with particular hematologic parameters, clinical evolution, and prognosis. Few therapeutic options are available, among which interferon α (IFNα) presents interesting properties like the ability to induce hematologic responses (HRs) and molecular responses (MRs) in patients with JAK2 mutation. We report on the response to IFNα therapy in a cohort of 31 essential thrombocythemia (ET) patients with CALR mutations (mean follow-up of 11.8 years). HR was achieved in all patients. Median CALR mutant allelic burden (%CALR) significantly decreased from 41% at baseline to 26% after treatment, and 2 patients even achieved complete MR. In contrast, %CALR was not significantly modified in ET patients treated with hydroxyurea or aspirin only. Next-generation sequencing identified additional mutations in 6 patients (affecting TET2, ASXL1, IDH2, and TP53 genes). The presence of additional mutations was associated with poorer MR on CALR mutant clones, with only minor or no MRs in this subset of patients. Analysis of the evolution of the different variant allele frequencies showed that the mutated clones had a differential sensitivity to IFNα in a given patient, but no new mutation emerged during treatment. In all, this study shows that IFNα induces high rates of HRs and MRs in CALR-mutated ET, and that the presence of additional nondriver mutations may influence the MR to therapy.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
CALR mutant bone marrow cancer predicted - sensitive Alpha 2 Interferon Clinical Study - Cohort Actionable In a clinical study, Roferon-A (Alpha 2 Interferon) treatment resulted in hematologic response in 100% (31/31) and complete molecular response in 6% (2/31) of essential thrombocythemia (ET) patients harboring CALR mutations (PMID: 26486786). 26486786