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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Ostronoff F, Othus M, Lazenby M, Estey E, Appelbaum FR, Evans A, Godwin J, Gilkes A, Kopecky KJ, Burnett A, List AF, Fang M, Oehler VG, Petersdorf SH, Pogosova-Agadjanyan EL, Radich JP, Willman CL, Meshinchi S, Stirewalt DL|
|Title||Prognostic significance of NPM1 mutations in the absence of FLT3-internal tandem duplication in older patients with acute myeloid leukemia: a SWOG and UK National Cancer Research Institute/Medical Research Council report.|
|Journal||Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology|
|Date||2015 Apr 01|
|Abstract Text||Younger patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) harboring NPM1 mutations without FLT3-internal tandem duplications (ITDs; NPM1-positive/FLT3-ITD-negative genotype) are classified as better risk; however, it remains uncertain whether this favorable classification can be applied to older patients with AML with this genotype. Therefore, we examined the impact of age on the prognostic significance of NPM1-positive/FLT3-ITD-negative status in older patients with AML.Patients with AML age ≥ 55 years treated with intensive chemotherapy as part of Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG) and UK National Cancer Research Institute/Medical Research Council (NCRI/MRC) trials were evaluated. A comprehensive analysis first examined 156 patients treated in SWOG trials. Validation analyses then examined 1,258 patients treated in MRC/NCRI trials. Univariable and multivariable analyses were used to determine the impact of age on the prognostic significance of NPM1 mutations, FLT3-ITDs, and the NPM1-positive/FLT3-ITD-negative genotype.Patients with AML age 55 to 65 years with NPM1-positive/FLT3-ITD-negative genotype treated in SWOG trials had a significantly improved 2-year overall survival (OS) as compared with those without this genotype (70% v 32%; P < .001). Moreover, patients age 55 to 65 years with NPM1-positive/FLT3-ITD-negative genotype had a significantly improved 2-year OS as compared with those age > 65 years with this genotype (70% v 27%; P < .001); any potential survival benefit of this genotype in patients age > 65 years was marginal (27% v 16%; P = .33). In multivariable analysis, NPM1-positive/FLT3-ITD-negative genotype remained independently associated with an improved OS in patients age 55 to 65 years (P = .002) but not in those age > 65 years (P = .82). These results were confirmed in validation analyses examining the NCRI/MRC patients.NPM1-positive/FLT3-ITD-negative genotype remains a relatively favorable prognostic factor for patients with AML age 55 to 65 years but not in those age > 65 years.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|NPM1 mutant||acute myeloid leukemia||not applicable||N/A||Clinical Study||Prognostic||In multiple clinical studies, an NPM1 mutation without FLT3 internal tandem duplication (ITD) mutation was associated with favorable prognosis in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients, compared to AML patients harboring an NPM1 mutation and FLT3 ITD mutation (PMID: 19047294, PMID: 24573385, PMID: 25713434).||25713434 19047294 24573385|