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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (27315356)
Authors Lim SH, Sun JM, Choi YL, Kim HR, Ahn S, Lee JY, Lee SH, Ahn JS, Park K, Kim JH, Cho BC, Ahn MJ
Title Efficacy and safety of dovitinib in pretreated patients with advanced squamous non-small cell lung cancer with FGFR1 amplification: A single-arm, phase 2 study.
Journal Cancer
Vol 122
Issue 19
Date 2016 Oct
URL
Abstract Text Fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1) amplification is a potential driving oncogene in squamous cell cancer (SCC) of the lung. The current phase 2 study evaluated the efficacy and tolerability of dovitinib, an FGFR inhibitor, in patients with advanced SCC of the lung.Patients with pretreated advanced SCC of the lung whose tumors demonstrated FGFR1 amplification of > 5 copies by fluorescence in situ hybridization were enrolled. Dovitinib at a dose of 500 mg was administered orally, once daily, on days 1 to 5 of every week, followed by 2 days off. The primary endpoint was overall response. Secondary endpoints were progression-free survival, overall survival, and toxicity.All 26 patients were men with a median age of 68 years (range, 52-80 years). The majority of patients were ever-smokers. The median duration of dovitinib administration (28 days per cycle) was 2.5 months (range, 0.7-8.6 months). The overall response rate was 11.5% (95% confidence interval [95% CI], 0.8%-23.8%) and the disease control rate was 50% (95% CI, 30.8%-69.2%), with 3 patients achieving partial responses. Response durations for the patients with partial responses were ≥4.5 months, ≥ 5.1 months, and 6.1 months, respectively. After a median follow-up of 15.7 months (range, 1.2-25.6 months), the median overall survival was 5.0 months (95% CI, 3.6-6.4 months) and the median progression-free survival was 2.9 months (95% CI, 1.5-4.3 months). The most common grade 3 or higher adverse events were fatigue (19.2%), anorexia (11.5%), and hyponatremia (11.5%) (event severity was graded based on National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [version 4.0]).Treatment with dovitinib demonstrated modest efficacy in patients with advanced SCC with FGFR1 amplification. Further studies to evaluate other biomarkers correlated with the efficacy of dovitinib in patients with SCC are warranted. Cancer 2016;122:3024-3031. © 2016 American Cancer Society.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
FGFR1 amp lung squamous cell carcinoma no benefit Dovitinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II clinical trial, dovitinib treatment resulted in a objective response rate of 11.5% (3/26, all partial responses) and disease control rate of 50% (13/26), and a median progression-free survival of 2.9 months in lung squamous cell carcinoma patients with FGFR1 amplification, and FGFR1 amplification was not determined to be a predictive biomarker for sensitivity (PMID: 27315356). 27315356