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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Potter DS, Galvin M, Brown S, Lallo A, Hodgkinson CL, Blackhall F, Morrow CJ, Dive C|
|Title||Inhibition of PI3K/BMX Cell Survival Pathway Sensitizes to BH3 Mimetics in SCLC.|
|Journal||Molecular cancer therapeutics|
|Abstract Text||Most small cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients are initially responsive to cytotoxic chemotherapy, but almost all undergo fatal relapse with progressive disease, highlighting an urgent need for improved therapies and better patient outcomes in this disease. The proapoptotic BH3 mimetic ABT-737 that targets BCL-2 family proteins demonstrated good single-agent efficacy in preclinical SCLC models. However, so far clinical trials of the BH3 mimetic Navitoclax have been disappointing. We previously demonstrated that inhibition of a PI3K/BMX cell survival signaling pathway sensitized colorectal cancer cells to ABT-737. Here, we show that SCLC cell lines, which express high levels of BMX, become sensitized to ABT-737 upon inhibition of PI3K in vitro, and this is dependent on inhibition of the PI3K-BMX-AKT/mTOR signaling pathway. Consistent with these cell line data, when combined with Navitoclax, PI3K inhibition suppressed tumor growth in both an established SCLC xenograft model and in a newly established circulating tumor cell-derived explant (CDX) model generated from a blood sample obtained at presentation from a chemorefractory SCLC patient. These data show for the first time that a PI3K/BMX signaling pathway plays a role in SCLC cell survival and that a BH3 mimetic plus PI3K inhibition causes prolonged tumor regression in a chemorefractory SCLC patient-derived model in vivo These data add to a body of evidence that this combination should move toward the clinic. Mol Cancer Ther; 15(6); 1248-60. ©2016 AACR.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|PIK3CA act mut||lung small cell carcinoma||predicted - sensitive||Navitoclax + Pictilisib||Preclinical - Cell line xenograft||Actionable||In a preclinical study, the combination of Navitoclax (ABT-263) and GDC-0941 resulted in increased tumor growth delay and apoptosis in a small cell lung cancer cell line xenograft model harboring a PIK3CA activating mutation compared to either drug alone (PMID: 27197306).||27197306|
|Unknown unknown||lung small cell carcinoma||not applicable||Navitoclax + Pictilisib||Preclinical - Pdx||Actionable||In a preclinical study, the combination of Navitoclax (ABT-263) and GDC-0941 delayed tumor growth in a circulating tumor cell (CTC)-derived xenograft model derived using CTCs from a small cell lung cancer patient (PMID: 27197306).||27197306|