Reference Detail

Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (27080472)
Authors Strosberg JR, Cives M, Hwang J, Weber T, Nickerson M, Atreya CE, Venook A, Kelley RK, Valone T, Morse B, Coppola D, Bergsland EK
Title A phase II study of axitinib in advanced neuroendocrine tumors.
Journal Endocrine-related cancer
Vol 23
Issue 5
Date 2016 May
Abstract Text Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are highly vascular neoplasms overexpressing vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) as well as VEGF receptors (VEGFR). Axitinib is a potent, selective inhibitor of VEGFR-1, -2 and -3, currently approved for the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma. We performed an open-label, two-stage design, phase II trial of axitinib 5mg twice daily in patients with progressive unresectable/metastatic low-to-intermediate grade carcinoid tumors. The primary end points were progression-free survival (PFS) and 12-month PFS rate. The secondary end points included time to treatment failure (TTF), overall survival (OS), overall radiographic response rate (ORR), biochemical response rate and safety. A total of 30 patients were enrolled and assessable for toxicity; 22 patients were assessable for response. After a median follow-up of 29months, we observed a median PFS of 26.7months (95% CI, 11.4-35.1), with a 12-month PFS rate of 74.5% (±10.2). The median OS was 45.3 months (95% CI, 24.4-45.3), and the median TTF was 9.6months (95% CI, 5.5-12). The best radiographic response was partial response (PR) in 1/30 (3%) and stable disease (SD) in 21/30 patients (70%); 8/30 patients (27%) were unevaluable due to early withdrawal due to toxicity. Hypertension was the most common toxicity that developed in 27 patients (90%). Grade 3/4 hypertension was recorded in 19 patients (63%), leading to treatment discontinuation in six patients (20%). Although axitinib appears to have an inhibitory effect on tumor growth in patients with advanced, progressive carcinoid tumors, the high rate of grade 3/4 hypertension may represent a potential impediment to its use in unselected patients.


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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
Unknown unknown neuroendocrine tumor not applicable Axitinib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II clinical trial, treatment with Inlyta (axitinib) resulted in a median overall progression-free survival (PFS) of 26.7 months, a 12-month PFS rate of 74.5%, and median overall survival of 45.3 months, and led to partial response in 3% (1/30) and stable disease in 70% (21/30) of patients with neuroendocrine tumors, with some tumor shrinkage in 68% (15/22) of patients (PMID: 27080472). 27080472