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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Li J, Qin S, Xu J, Xiong J, Wu C, Bai Y, Liu W, Tong J, Liu Y, Xu R, Wang Z, Wang Q, Ouyang X, Yang Y, Ba Y, Liang J, Lin X, Luo D, Zheng R, Wang X, Sun G, Wang L, Zheng L, Guo H, Wu J, Xu N, Yang J, Zhang H, Cheng Y, Wang N, Chen L, Fan Z, Sun P, Yu H|
|Title||Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Phase III Trial of Apatinib in Patients With Chemotherapy-Refractory Advanced or Metastatic Adenocarcinoma of the Stomach or Gastroesophageal Junction.|
|Journal||Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology|
|Date||2016 May 01|
|Abstract Text||There is currently no standard treatment strategy for patients with advanced metastatic gastric cancer experiencing progression after two or more lines of chemotherapy. We assessed the efficacy and safety of apatinib, a novel vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 tyrosine kinase inhibitor, in patients with advanced gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma for whom at least two lines of prior chemotherapy had failed.This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase III trial. Patients from 32 centers in China with advanced gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma, for whom two or more prior lines of chemotherapy had failed, were enrolled. Patients were randomly assigned to oral apatinib 850 mg or placebo once daily. The primary end points were overall (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS).Between January 2011 and November 2012, 267 patients were enrolled. Median OS was significantly improved in the apatinib group compared with the placebo group (6.5 months; 95% CI, 4.8 to 7.6 v 4.7 months; 95% CI, 3.6 to 5.4; P = .0149; hazard ratio, 0.709; 95% CI, 0.537 to 0.937; P = .0156). Similarly, apatinib significantly prolonged median PFS compared with placebo (2.6 months; 95% CI, 2.0 to 2.9 v 1.8 months; 95% CI, 1.4 to 1.9; P < .001; hazard ratio, 0.444; 95% CI, 0.331 to 0.595; P < .001). The most common grade 3 to 4 nonhematologic adverse events were hand-foot syndrome, proteinuria, and hypertension.These data show that apatinib treatment significantly improved OS and PFS with an acceptable safety profile in patients with advanced gastric cancer refractory to two or more lines of prior chemotherapy.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|Unknown unknown||gastric adenocarcinoma||not applicable||Rivoceranib||Phase III||Actionable||In a Phase III trial, Apatinib (YN968D1) treatment significantly improved median overall survival (6.5 vs 4.7 months) and median progression-free survival (2.6 vs 1.8 months) compared to placebo in chemotherapy-refractory patients with advanced gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma (PMID: 26884585).||26884585|
|Unknown unknown||gastrointestinal system cancer||not applicable||Rivoceranib||Phase III||Actionable||In a Phase III trial, treatment with Apatinib (YN968D1) at 850mg resulted in a greater progression free survival (2.6 mo vs 1.8 mo) and overall survival (6.5 mo vs 4.7 mo) when compared to placebo in patients with either gastric cancer or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma (PMID: 26884585).||26884585|
|Unknown unknown||gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma||not applicable||Rivoceranib||Phase III||Actionable||In a Phase III trial, Apatinib (YN968D1) treatment significantly improved median overall survival (6.5 vs 4.7 months) and median progression-free survival (2.6 vs 1.8 months) compared to placebo in chemotherapy-refractory patients with advanced gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma (PMID: 26884585).||26884585|