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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Flaherty KT, Manola JB, Pins M, McDermott DF, Atkins MB, Dutcher JJ, George DJ, Margolin KA, DiPaola RS|
|Title||BEST: A Randomized Phase II Study of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor, RAF Kinase, and Mammalian Target of Rapamycin Combination Targeted Therapy With Bevacizumab, Sorafenib, and Temsirolimus in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma--A Trial of the ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group (E2804).|
|Journal||Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology|
|Date||2015 Jul 20|
|Abstract Text||On the basis of evidence that resistance to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor inhibition is caused by hypoxia-driven residual VEGF and other proangiogenic factors, combinations of agents from these classes were hypothesized to improve treatment outcomes relative to single-agent VEGF pathway blockade.A total of 361 patients with metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma were randomly assigned equally to arm A (bevacizumab monotherapy 10 mg/kg intravenously [IV] every 2 weeks), B (bevacizumab 10 mg/kg IV every 2 weeks and temsirolimus 25 mg IV every week), C (bevacizumab 5 mg/kg IV every 2 weeks and sorafenib 200 mg orally twice daily on days 1 to 5, 8 to 12, 15 to 19, and 22 to 26), or D (sorafenib 200 mg twice daily and temsirolimus 25 mg IV weekly). Progression-free survival was the primary end point.Among 331 eligible treated patients, median PFS was 7.5 months for bevacizumab alone (90% CI, 5.8 to 10.8 months), 7.6 months for bevacizumab plus temsirolimus (90% CI, 6.7 to 9.2 months), 9.2 months for bevacizumab plus sorafenib (90% CI, 7.5 to 11.4 months), and 7.4 months for sorafenib plus temsirolimus (90% CI, 5.6 to 7.9 months). Hazard ratios from stratified Cox proportional hazards models were 1.01, 0.89, and 1.07 (with respective P values of .95, .49, and .68) for the three combinations, respectively, compared with bevacizumab alone. Adverse events did not differ significantly among treatment arms.The activity of sorafenib, temsirolimus, and bevacizumab administered in doublet combinations did not significantly improve median progression-free survival in comparison with bevacizumab monotherapy.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|Unknown unknown||clear cell renal cell carcinoma||no benefit||Bevacizumab + Sorafenib||Phase III||Actionable||In a Phase II clinical trial, treatment with the combination of Nexavar (sorafenib) and Avastin (bevacizumab) did not result in a significant improvement in progression-free survival compared to treatment with Avastin (bevacizumab) as a single agent (9.2 months vs 7.4 months) in patients with renal clear cell carcinoma (PMID: 26077237).||26077237|
|Unknown unknown||clear cell renal cell carcinoma||no benefit||Sorafenib + Temsirolimus||Phase II||Actionable||In a Phase II clinical trial, treatment with the combination of Nexavar (sorafenib) and Torisel (temsirolimus) did not prolong progression-free survival compared to treatment with Avastin (bevacizumab) monotherapy (7.4 months vs 7.5 months) in patients with renal clear cell carcinoma (PMID: 26077237).||26077237|
|Unknown unknown||clear cell renal cell carcinoma||no benefit||Bevacizumab + Temsirolimus||Phase II||Actionable||In a Phase II clinical trial, treatment with the combination of Torisel (temsirolimus) and Avastin (bevacizumab) did prolong progression-free survival compared to treatment with Avastin (bevacizumab) as a single agent (7.6 months vs 7.4 months) in patients with renal clear cell carcinoma (PMID: 26077237).||26077237|