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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Morris MJ, Eisenberger MA, Pili R, Denmeade SR, Rathkopf D, Slovin SF, Farrelly J, Chudow JJ, Vincent M, Scher HI, Carducci MA|
|Title||A phase I/IIA study of AGS-PSCA for castration-resistant prostate cancer.|
|Journal||Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology|
|Abstract Text||This first-in-human phase I/IIA study was designed to evaluate the safety and pharmacokinetics (PKs) of AGS-PSCA a fully human monoclonal antibody directed to prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA) in progressive castration-resistant prostate cancer.Twenty-nine patients were administered infusions of AGS-PSCA (1-40 mg/kg) every 3 weeks for 12 weeks; 18 final patients received a 40-mg/kg loading dose followed by 20-mg/kg repeat doses. Primary end points were safety and PK. Immunogenicity, antitumor activity and circulating tumor cells were also evaluated.No drug-related serious adverse events were noted. Dose escalation stopped before reaching the maximum tolerated dose as target concentrations were achieved. Drug levels accumulated linearly with dose and the mean terminal half-life was 2-3 weeks across dose levels. The 40-mg/kg loading dose followed by repeated 20-mg/kg doses yielded serum drug concentrations above the projected minimum therapeutic threshold after two to three doses without excessive drug accumulation or toxicity. Significant antitumor effects were not seen.A 40-mg/kg loading dose followed by 20-mg/kg infusions every 3 weeks is the recommended phase II dose of AGS-PSCA. PSCA is a promising drug target and studies in prostate and other relevant solid tumors are planned.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|AGS-PSCA||AGS-PSCA is a human monoclonal antibody against prostate stem cell antigen, which may result in tumor growth inhibition by specifically blocking the growth of prostate cancer cells expressing PSCA (PMID: 22553195).|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|Unknown unknown||prostate cancer||not applicable||AGS-PSCA||Phase Ib/II||Actionable||In a Phase Ib/II trial, AGS-PSCA treatment was deemed safe, but only resulted in limited antitumor activity in patients with castration resistant prostate cancer (PMID: 22553195).||22553195|