Reference Detail


Missing content? – Request curation!

Request curation for specific Genes, variants, or PubMed publications.

Have questions, comments or suggestions? - Let us know!

Email us at :

Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (27681866)
Authors Tai WM, Yong WP, Lim C, Low LS, Tham CK, Koh TS, Ng QS, Wang WW, Wang LZ, Hartano S, Thng CH, Huynh H, Lim KT, Toh HC, Goh BC, Choo SP
Title A phase Ib study of selumetinib (AZD6244, ARRY-142886) in combination with sorafenib in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
Journal Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Vol 27
Issue 12
Date 2016 Dec
Abstract Text Treatment with sorafenib, although associated with inhibition of tumour growth and angiogenesis in in vivo studies, leads to up-regulation of pERK. The addition of MEK inhibition could potentially abrogate this effect and potentiate anti-tumour activity. This phase I study investigated the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK) and biomarker correlates of selumetinib combined with sorafenib in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Patients with Child-Pugh (CP) score ≤7 were treated with 400 mg twice daily of sorafenib with escalating doses of selumetinib in a 3 + 3 study design. The dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) evaluation period was 28 days. PK of selumetinib was determined. Angiogenic effect was evaluated with dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI).Twenty-seven patients of Asian ethnicity were enrolled. The MTD was selumetinib 75 mg daily with sorafenib 400 mg twice daily. DLT included grade 3 transaminitis, diarrhoea and fatigue. Most common treatment-related adverse events at MTD (all grades) were diarrhoea (85%), rash (59%), hypertension (44%), fatigue (30%), anorexia (22%) and hand-foot syndrome (22%). Four patients (15%) had PR and 13 (48%) had SD. PR or SD was observed for ≥6 months in seven patients. The median overall survival was 14.4 months. Selumetinib exposures in combination with sorafenib were comparable to other monotherapy studies. A reduction in permeability-surface area product noted in DCE-MRI with treatment correlated with worse survival outcomes.The MTD of selumetinib was 75 mg daily when combined with sorafenib 400 mg twice a day in CP ≤7 HCC. Acceptable adverse events and encouraging anti-tumour activity warrant further evaluation. DCE-MRI findings deserve prospective evaluation.NCT01029418.


  • Case insensitive filtering will display rows where any text in any cell matches the filter term
  • Simple literal full or partial string matches
  • Separate multiple filter terms with a spaces, order doesn't matter (a b c and c b a are equivalent )
  • Filtering will only apply to rows that are already loaded on the page, filtering has no impact on query parameters
  • Use quotes to match a longer phrase which contains spaces "mtor c1483f"


  • Generally, the default sort order for tables is set to be first column ascending, however, specific tables may set a different default sort order.
  • Click on any column header arrows to sort by that column
  • Hold down the Shift key and click multiple columns to sort by more than one column, be sure to set ascending or descending order for a given column, before moving on to the next column.

Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
Unknown unknown hepatocellular carcinoma not applicable Selumetinib + Sorafenib Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial, Nexavar (sorafenib) and Selumetinib (AZD6244) combination treatment resulted in partial response in 15% (4/27) and stable disease in 48% (13/27) of hepatocellular carcinoma patients (PMID: 27681866). 27681866