Reference Detail

Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (27626067)
Authors Aung KL, Stockley TL, Serra S, Kamel-Reid S, Bedard PL, Siu LL
Title Testing ERBB2 p.L755S kinase domain mutation as a druggable target in a patient with advanced colorectal cancer.
Journal Cold Spring Harbor molecular case studies
Vol 2
Issue 5
Date 2016 Sep
URL
Abstract Text Recent advances in molecular profiling technologies allow genetic driver events in individual tumors to be identified. The hypothesis behind this ongoing molecular profiling effort is that improvement in patients' clinical outcomes will be achieved by inhibiting these discovered genetic driver events with matched targeted drugs. This hypothesis is currently being tested in oncology clinics with variable early results. Herein, we present our experience with a case of advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) with an ERBB2 p.L755S kinase domain mutation, a BRAF p.N581S mutation, and an APC p.Q1429fs mutation, together with a brief review of the literature describing the biological and clinical significance of ERRB2 kinase domain mutations in CRC. The patient was treated with trastuzumab combined with infusional 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin based on the presence of ERBB2 p.L755S kinase mutation in the tumor and based on the available evidence at the time when standard treatment options had been exhausted. However, there was no therapeutic response illustrating the challenges we face in managing patients with potentially targetable mutations where results from functional in vitro and in vivo studies lag behind those of genomic sequencing studies. Also lagging behind are clinical utility data from oncology clinics, hampering rapid therapeutic advances. Our case also highlights the logistical barriers associated with getting the most optimal therapeutic agents to the right patient in this era of personalized therapeutics based on cancer genomics.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
APC Q1429fs BRAF N581S ERBB2 L755S rectum adenocarcinoma no benefit Fluorouracil + Leucovorin + Trastuzumab Case Reports/Case Series Actionable In a clinical case study, a rectal adenocarcinoma patient harboring APC Q1429fs, BRAF N581S, and ERBB2 L755S did not respond to Herceptin (trastuzumab) treatment in combination with Fluorouracil and Wellcovorin (leucovorin) (PMID: 27626067). 27626067