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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Wang Y, Wang L, Guan S, Cao W, Wang H, Chen Z, Zhao Y, Yu Y, Zhang H, Pang JC, Huang SL, Akiyama Y, Yang Y, Sun W, Xu X, Shi Y, Kim ES, Muscal JA, Lu F, Yang J|
|Title||Novel ALK inhibitor AZD3463 inhibits neuroblastoma growth by overcoming crizotinib resistance and inducing apoptosis.|
|Date||2016 Jan 20|
|Abstract Text||ALK receptor tyrosine kinase has been shown to be a therapeutic target in neuroblastoma. Germline ALK activating mutations are responsible for the majority of hereditary neuroblastoma and somatic ALK activating mutations are also frequently observed in sporadic cases of advanced NB. Crizotinib, a first-line therapy in the treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring ALK rearrangements, demonstrates striking efficacy against ALK-rearranged NB. However, crizotinib fails to effectively inhibit the activity of ALK when activating mutations are present within its kinase domain, as with the F1174L mutation. Here we show that a new ALK inhibitor AZD3463 effectively suppressed the proliferation of NB cell lines with wild type ALK (WT) as well as ALK activating mutations (F1174L and D1091N) by blocking the ALK-mediated PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway and ultimately induced apoptosis and autophagy. In addition, AZD3463 enhanced the cytotoxic effects of doxorubicin on NB cells. AZD3463 also exhibited significant therapeutic efficacy on the growth of the NB tumors with WT and F1174L activating mutation ALK in orthotopic xenograft mouse models. These results indicate that AZD3463 is a promising therapeutic agent in the treatment of NB.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|AZD3463||ALK Inhibitor 23 IGF-1R Inhibitor 17 ROS1 Inhibitor 14||AZD3463 inhibits IGF1R and ALK, including wild-type and mutant ALK, and has additional activity against ROS1 fusions, which decreases downstream signaling resulting in reduced tumor cell growth (PMID: 26786851, PMID: 26372962).|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|ALK F1174L||neuroblastoma||sensitive||AZD3463||Preclinical - Cell line xenograft||Actionable||In a preclinical study, AZD3463 inhibited growth of neuroblastoma cells harboring ALK F1174L in culture, resulted in near complete tumor regression in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 26786851).||26786851|
|ALK D1091N||neuroblastoma||sensitive||AZD3463||Preclinical - Cell culture||Actionable||In a preclinical study, AZD3463 treatment in a neuroblastoma cell line harboring ALK D1091N resulted in inhibition of colony formation, repression of Pi3k signaling, and induction of apoptosis in culture (PMID: 26786851).||26786851|