Reference Detail

Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (18579665)
Authors Gore L, Rothenberg ML, O'Bryant CL, Schultz MK, Sandler AB, Coffin D, McCoy C, Schott A, Scholz C, Eckhardt SG
Title A phase I and pharmacokinetic study of the oral histone deacetylase inhibitor, MS-275, in patients with refractory solid tumors and lymphomas.
Journal Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Vol 14
Issue 14
Date 2008 Jul 15
URL
Abstract Text To evaluate the toxicity profile, pharmacologic, and biological properties of 3-pyridylmethyl N-{4-[(2-aminophenyl)carbamoyl]benzyl}carbamate (MS-275), a histone deacetylase inhibitor, when administered orally on three different dosing schedules.Patients with advanced solid malignancies and lymphomas were treated on three dose schedules: once every other week, twice weekly for 3 weeks every 28 days, and once weekly for 3 weeks every 28 days. First-cycle plasma pharmacokinetics and peripheral blood mononuclear cell histone acetylation were determined.Twenty-seven patients received > or =149 courses of treatment. Hypophosphatemia and asthenia were dose limiting on the weekly and twice-weekly dosing schedules; there was no dose-limiting toxicity on the every other week schedule. Pharmacokinetic variables revealed dose-dependent and dose-proportional increases. Two of 27 patients showed partial remissions, including one patient with metastatic melanoma who had a partial response and has remained on study for >5 years. Six patients showed prolonged disease stabilization. Levels of histone H3 and H4 acetylation in peripheral blood mononuclear cells increased qualitatively but with a high degree of interpatient variation.MS-275 is well tolerated at doses up to 6 mg/m(2) every other week or 4 mg/m(2) weekly for 3 weeks followed by 1 week of rest and results in biologically relevant plasma concentrations and antitumor activity. Twice-weekly dosing was not tolerable due to asthenia, and further evaluation of this schedule was halted. The recommended dose for further disease-focused studies is 4 mg/m(2) given weekly for 3 weeks every 28 days or 2 to 6 mg/m(2) given once every other week.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
Unknown unknown Advanced Solid Tumor not applicable Entinostat Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, Entinostat treatment in patients with advanced solid tumors resulted in a partial response in 7% (2/27) of patients and stable disease in 26% (7/27) of patients, which ranged from 45 days to 10 months (PMID: 18579665). 18579665