We designed a single-arm, open-label phase II trial of everolimus in PIK3CA amplification/mutation and/or PTEN loss patients with advanced solid tumors refractory to standard therapy (#NCT02449538).Everolimus was administered orally at a daily dose of 10 mg continuously (28-day cycles). Treatment was continued until progression of the disease or intolerable toxicity was observed. Based on Simon's two-stage optimal design, 10 patients were treated with everolimus during the first stage.The median age of the patients was 55.5 years (range, 42-72), and the median Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) was 2 (range, 1-2). Most of the patients (50.0%) had gastric cancer (GC) as the site of their primary tumor followed by colorectal cancer (CRC), pancreatic cancer, and cholangiocarcinoma. Patients received everolimus as a third-line (3 patients), fourth-line (4 patients), fifth-line (1 patient) or sixth-line (2 patients) treatment. Complete or partial responses were not observed in any of the patients. Four patients showed stable disease, resulting in a disease control rate of 40%. The median PFS was 1.6 months (95% CI, 0.8-2.4 months). Grade 3 or greater hematologic/non-hematologic toxicity was not observed. Grade 2 diarrhea and stomatitis were reported in one patient each. There were no treatment-related deaths. There was less than one response out of the 10 initial patients during the first stage, and the study did not progress to the second stage.The study did not meet its primary objective of demonstrating the anti-tumor activity of everolimus in PIK3CA amplification/mutation and/or PTEN loss patients with advanced solid tumors refractory to standard therapy. Further investigation using other genomic candidates and new-generation mTOR inhibitors is warranted in patients with treatment-refractory cancer.# NCT02449538 , April 2015.