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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Juric D, Krop I, Ramanathan RK, Wilson TR, Ware JA, Sanabria Bohorquez SM, Savage HM, Sampath D, Salphati L, Lin RS, Jin H, Parmar H, Hsu JY, Von Hoff DD, Baselga J|
|Title||Phase I Dose-Escalation Study of Taselisib, an Oral PI3K Inhibitor, in Patients with Advanced Solid Tumors.|
|Abstract Text||Taselisib is a potent and selective tumor growth inhibitor through PI3K pathway suppression. Thirty-four patients with locally advanced or metastatic solid tumors were treated (phase I study, modified 3+3 dose escalation; 5 cohorts; 3-16 mg taselisib once-daily capsule). Taselisib pharmacokinetics were dose-proportional; mean half-life was 40 hours. Frequent dose-dependent, treatment-related adverse events included diarrhea, hyperglycemia, decreased appetite, nausea, rash, stomatitis, and vomiting. At 12 and 16 mg dose levels, dose-limiting toxicities (DLT) were observed, with an accumulation of higher-grade adverse events after the cycle 1 DLT assessment window. Pharmacodynamic findings showed pathway inhibition at ≥3 mg in patient tumor samples, consistent with preclinical PIK3CA-mutant tumor xenograft models. Confirmed response rate was 36% for PIK3CA-mutant tumor patients with measurable disease [5/14: 4 breast cancer (3 patients at 12 mg); 1 non-small cell lung cancer], where responses started at 3 mg, and 0% in patients with tumors without known PIK3CA hotspot mutations (0/15).Significance: Preliminary data consistent with preclinical data indicate increased antitumor activity of taselisib in patients with PIK3CA-mutant tumors (in comparison with patients with tumors without known activating PIK3CA hotspot mutations) starting at the lowest dose tested of 3 mg, thereby supporting higher potency for taselisib against PIK3CA-mutant tumors. Cancer Discov; 7(7); 704-15. ©2017 AACR.See related commentary by Rodon and Tabernero, p. 666This article is highlighted in the In This Issue feature, p. 653.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|PIK3CA H1047R||breast cancer||sensitive||Taselisib||Phase I||Actionable||In a Phase I trial, four patients with breast cancer harboring PIK3CA H1047R demonstrated a confirmed partial response when treated with Taselisib (GDC-0032) (PMID: 28331003).||28331003|
|PIK3CA H1047X||lung non-small cell carcinoma||sensitive||Taselisib||Phase I||Actionable||In a Phase I trial, a non-small cell lung carcinoma patient harboring a mutation at PIK3CA H1047 demonstrated a confirmed partial response when treated with Taselisib (GDC-0032) (PMID: 28331003).||28331003|