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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Laurie SA, Solomon BJ, Seymour L, Ellis PM, Goss GD, Shepherd FA, Boyer MJ, Arnold AM, Clingan P, Laberge F, Fenton D, Hirsh V, Zukin M, Stockler MR, Lee CW, Chen EX, Montenegro A, Ding K, Bradbury PA|
|Title||Randomised, double-blind trial of carboplatin and paclitaxel with daily oral cediranib or placebo in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer: NCIC Clinical Trials Group study BR29.|
|Journal||European journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990)|
|Abstract Text||This randomised double-blind placebo-controlled study evaluated the addition of cediranib, an inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors 1-3, to standard carboplatin/paclitaxel chemotherapy in advanced non-small cell lung cancer.Eligible patients received paclitaxel (200mg/m(2)) and carboplatin (area under the concentration time curve 6) intravenously every 3 weeks. Daily oral cediranib/placebo 20mg was commenced day 1 of cycle 1 and continued as monotherapy after completion of 4-6 cycles of chemotherapy. The primary end-point of the study was overall survival (OS). The trial would continue to full accrual if an interim analysis (IA) for progression-free survival (PFS), performed after 170 events of progression or death in the first 260 randomised patients, revealed a hazard ratio (HR) for PFS of ⩽ 0.70.The trial was halted for futility at the IA (HR for PFS 0.89, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.66-1.20, p = 0.45). A final analysis was performed on all 306 enrolled patients. The addition of cediranib increased response rate ([RR] 52% versus 34%, p = 0.001) but did not significantly improve PFS (HR 0.91, 95% CI 0.71-1.18, p = 0.49) or OS (HR 0.94, 95% CI 0.69-1.30, p=0.72). Cediranib patients had more grade 3 hypertension, diarrhoea and anorexia.The addition of cediranib 20mg daily to carboplatin/paclitaxel chemotherapy increased RR and toxicity, but not survival.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|Unknown unknown||lung cancer||no benefit||Carboplatin + Cediranib + Paclitaxel||Phase I||Actionable||In a Phase II clinical trial of patients with advanced NSCLC, the combination of Cediranib (AZD-2171) and carboplatin/paclitaxel (CP) chemotherapy resulted in improved response rate over placebo plus CP, but did not improve progression-free survival, and the study did not proceed to Phase III due to toxicity (PMID: 24360368).||24360368|