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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Geissler K, Jäger E, Barna A, Sliwa T, Knöbl P, Schwarzinger I, Gisslinger H, Valent P|
|Title||In vitro and in vivo effects of JAK2 inhibition in chronic myelomonocytic leukemia.|
|Journal||European journal of haematology|
|Abstract Text||In chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML), colony-forming units granulocyte/macrophage (CFU-GM), which grow in vitro in the absence of exogenous growth factors, arise from the abnormal clone that is responsible for the overproduction of granulomonocytic cells. Previous in vitro findings including ours suggest that divergent molecular aberrations in CMML seem to converge within the GM-CSF signaling pathway. As JAK2 is a sentinel kinase in this pathway, JAK2 inhibition may be an attractive treatment approach in CMML. We investigated the in vitro effects of the specific JAK2 inhibitor TG101209 on the autonomous CFU-GM formation from peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients with CMML. TG101209 was found to either block or strongly inhibit spontaneous CFU-GM growth in all 10 patients tested. This inhibitory effect was dose dependent and significantly more pronounced as compared to the inhibitory effect on stimulated CFU-GM growth from normal individuals. In a CMML patient with splenomegaly, who was treated with the JAK1/2 inhibitor ruxolitinib off label, we can demonstrate a spleen response and the disappearance of constitutional symptoms which was associated with a decrease in autonomous CFU-GM formation ex vivo. Pharmacological JAK2 inhibition may be an interesting approach to be systematically studied in patients with CMML.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|Unknown unknown||chronic myelomonocytic leukemia||not applicable||TG101209||Preclinical - Patient cell culture||Actionable||In a preclinical study, TG101209 inhibited colony formation of granulocytes and macrophages cultured from patients with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (PMID: 27157043).||27157043|