Gene Detail

Gene Symbol GATA1
Synonyms ERYF1 | GATA-1 | GF-1 | GF1 | NF-E1 | NFE1 | XLANP | XLTDA | XLTT
Gene Description GATA1, GATA binding protein 1, is a transcriptional activator or repressor, which plays a role in erythroid development. GATA1 mutations are associated with Down Syndrome preleukemia and leukemia (PMID: 25435116; PMID: 24880866).
Entrez Id 2623
Chromosome X
Map Location Xp11.23
Canonical Transcript NM_002049

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Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
P50L missense unknown GATA1 P50L lies within the transcriptional activation domain of the Gata1 protein (PMID: 22556427). P50L has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
G368C missense unknown GATA1 G368C does not lie within any known functional domains of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). G368C has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
G89fs frameshift loss of function - predicted GATA1 G89fs results in a change in the amino acid sequence of the Gata1 protein beginning at aa 89 of 413, likely resulting in premature truncation of the functional protein (UniProt.org). Due to the loss of the zinc finger domains required for Gata1 function (PMID: 15684376), G89fs is predicted to lead to a loss of Gata1 protein function.
P159H missense unknown GATA1 P159H does not lie within any known functional domains of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). P159H has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
T176I missense unknown GATA1 T176I does not lie within any known functional domains of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). T176I has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
R113H missense unknown GATA1 R113H does not lie within any known functional domains of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). R113H has not been characterized and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
A120S missense unknown GATA1 A120S does not lie within any known functional domains of the Mlh1 protein (UniProt.org). A120S has not been characterized and therefore, its effect on Mlh1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
Q76E missense unknown GATA1 Q76E lies within the transcriptional activation domain of the Gata1 protein (PMID: 22556427). Q76E has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
A55T missense unknown GATA1 A55T lies within the N-terminal transactivation domain of the Gata1 protein (PMID: 15684376). A55T has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
S187F missense unknown GATA1 S187F does lie within any known functional domains of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). S187F has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
G340fs frameshift unknown GATA1 G340fs results in a change in the amino acid sequence of the Gata1 protein beginning at aa 340 of 413, likely resulting in premature truncation of the functional protein (UniProt.org). G340fs has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
G344R missense unknown GATA1 G344R does not lie within any known functional domains of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). G344R has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
T130N missense unknown GATA1 T130N does lie within any known functional domains of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). T130N has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
D115N missense unknown GATA1 D115N does not lie within any known functional domains of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). D115N has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
E13K missense unknown GATA1 E13K lies within the transcriptional activation domain of the Gata1 protein (PMID: 22556427). E13K has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
G366D missense unknown GATA1 G366D does not lie within any known functional domains of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). G366D has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
G90Afs*47 frameshift loss of function - predicted GATA1 G90Afs*47 indicates a shift in the reading frame starting at amino acid 90 and terminating 47 residues downstream causing a premature truncation of the 413 amino acid Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). Due to the loss of the zinc finger domains required for Gata1 function (PMID: 15684376), G90Afs*47 is predicted to lead to a loss of Gata1 protein function.
W96R missense unknown GATA1 W96R does not lie within any known functional domains of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). W96R has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
R216Q missense unknown GATA1 R216Q lies within the GATA-type 1 zinc finger domain of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). R216Q results in minor changes in DNA dissociation rate and gene expression regulation, but is able to support erythroid maturation to similar level of wild-type Gata1 in culture (PMID: 12200364).
T54N missense unknown GATA1 T54N lies within the transcriptional activation domain of the Gata1 protein (PMID: 22556427). T54N has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
L321V missense unknown GATA1 L321V does not lie within any known functional domains of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). L321V has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
R307C missense unknown GATA1 R307C does not lie within any known functional domains of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). R307C has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
A120V missense unknown GATA1 A120V does not lie within any known functional domains of the GATA1 protein (UniProt.org). A120V has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
M1? missense loss of function - predicted GATA1 M1? indicates a disruption of the methionine (M) start codon with an unknown translational effect on the Gata1 protein. M1? has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
E114K missense unknown GATA1 E114K does not lie within any known functional domains of the GATA1 protein (UniProt.org). E114K has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
R140W missense unknown GATA1 R140W does not lie within any known functional domains of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). R140W has not been characterized and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
E328K missense unknown GATA1 E328K does not lie within any known functional domains of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). E328K has been identified in sequencing studies (PMID: 22810696), but has not been biochemically characterized and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
R298W missense unknown GATA1 R298W does lie within any known functional domains of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). R298W has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
Q76* nonsense loss of function - predicted GATA1 Q76* results in a premature truncation of the Gata1 protein at amino acid 76 of 413 (UniProt.org). Due to the loss of the zinc finger regions (UniProt.org), Q76* is predicted to lead to a loss of Gata1 protein function.
T263M missense no effect GATA1 T263M lies within the GATA-type 2 zinc finger region of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). T263M demonstrates cellular localization and phosphorylation similar to wild-type Gata1 protein in culture (Blood 2013 122(21):3668) and therefore, has no effect on Gata1 protein function.
E2K missense unknown GATA1 E2K lies within the N-terminal transactivation domain of the Gata1 protein (PMID: 15684376). E2K as not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
over exp unknown no effect GATA1 over exp indicates an over expression of the Gata1 protein. However, the mechanism causing the over expression is unspecified.
G5V missense unknown GATA1 G5V lies within the transcriptional activation domain of the Gata1 protein (PMID: 22556427). G5V has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
R247C missense unknown GATA1 R247C does not lie within any known functional domains of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). R247C has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
S310Y missense unknown GATA S310Y lies within the CALCOCO1-interacting region of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). S310Y has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
N226D missense unknown GATA1 N226D lies within the GATA-type 1 zinc finger domain of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). N226D has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
P150H missense unknown GATA1 P150H does not lie within any known functional domains of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). P150H has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
S129R missense unknown GATA1 S129R does lie within any known functional domains of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). S129R has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
Q303* nonsense unknown GATA1 Q303* results in a premature truncation of the Gata1 protein at amino acid 303 of 413 (UniProt.org). Q303* has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
Q76H missense unknown GATA1 Q76H lies within the transcriptional activation domain of the Gata1 protein (PMID: 22556427). Q76H has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
E2Vfs*37 frameshift loss of function - predicted GATA1 E2Vfs*37 indicates a shift in the reading frame starting at amino acid 2 and terminating 37 residues downstream causing a premature truncation of the 413 amino acid Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). Due to the loss of all known functional domains (PMID: 15684376), E2Vfs*37 is predicted to lead to a loss of Gata1 protein function.
K312Q missense unknown GATA1 K312Q does not lie within any known functional domains of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). K312Q has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
S30* nonsense loss of function - predicted GATA1 S30* results in a premature truncation of the Gata1 protein at amino acid 30 of 413 (UniProt.org). Due to the loss of most known functional domains (UniProt.org), S30* is predicted to lead to a loss of Gata1 protein function.
A227T missense unknown GATA1 A227T lies within the GATA-type 1 zinc finger domain of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). A227T has not been characterized and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
P166T missense unknown GATA1 P166T does not lie within any known functional domains of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). P166T has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, May 2016).
P401L missense unknown GATA1 P401L does not lie within any known functional domains of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). P401L has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
P357S missense unknown GATA1 P357S does not lie within any known functional domains of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). P357S has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2016).
D42N missense unknown GATA1 D42N lies within the transcriptional activation domain of the Gata1 protein (PMID: 22556427). D42N has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
mutant unknown unknown GATA1 mutant indicates an unspecified mutation in the GATA1 gene.
E2fs frameshift loss of function - predicted GATA1 E2fs results in a change in the amino acid sequence of the Gata1 protein beginning at aa 2 of 413, likely resulting in premature truncation of the functional protein (UniProt.org). Due to the loss of all known functional domains (UniProt.org), E2fs is predicted to lead to a loss of Gata1 protein function.
R253Q missense unknown GATA1 R253Q does not lie within any known functional domains of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). R253Q has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
P358Qfs*74 frameshift unknown GATA1 P358Qfs*74 indicates a shift in the reading frame starting at amino acid 358 and terminating 74 residues downstream causing a premature truncation of the 413 amino acid Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). P358Qfs*74 has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
F172L missense unknown GATA1 F172L does not lie within any known functional domains of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). F172L has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
R270W missense unknown GATA1 R270W lies within the GATA-type 2 zinc finger region of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). R270W has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
A211V missense unknown GATA1 A211V lies within the GATA-type 1 zinc finger domain of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). A211V has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
T266M missense unknown GATA1 T266M lies within the GATA-type 2 zinc finger region of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). T266M has not been characterized and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
P401S missense unknown GATA1 P401S does not lie within any known functional domains of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). P401S has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
R305* nonsense unknown GATA1 R305* results in a premature truncation of the Gata1 protein at amino acid 305 of 413 (UniProt.org). R305* has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
V278M missense unknown GATA1 V278M lies within the GATA-type 2 zinc finger region of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). V278M has been identified in sequencing studies (PMID: 22895193), but has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
C279F missense unknown GATA1 C279F lies within the GATA-type 2 zinc finger domain of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). C279F has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
T391M missense unknown GATA1 T391M does not lie within any known functional domains of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). T391M has not been chracerized and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
wild-type none no effect Wild-type GATA1 indicates that no mutation has been detected within the GATA1 gene.
S116C missense unknown GATA1 S116C does lie within any known functional domains of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). S116C has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
G366C missense unknown GATA1 G366C does not lie within any known functional domains of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). G366C has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
R307H missense unknown GATA1 R307H does not lie within any known functional domains of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). R307H has been identified in the scientific literature (Blood 2016 128(22):400), but has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
D20V missense unknown GATA1 D20V lies within the transcriptional activation domain of the Gata1 protein (PMID: 22556427). D20V has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
Y98* nonsense loss of function - predicted GATA1 Y98* results in a premature truncation of the Gata1 protein at amino acid 98 of 413 (UniProt.org). Due to the loss of all known functional domains (UniProt.org), Y98* is predicted to lead to a loss of Gata1 protein function.
R307L missense unknown GATA1 R307L does not lie within any known functional domains of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). R307L has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
G340S missense unknown GATA1 G340S does not lie within any known functional domains of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). G340S has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
F33L missense unknown GATA1 F33L lies within the transcriptional activation domain of the Gata1 protein (PMID: 22556427). F33L has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
R113C missense unknown GATA1 R113C does not lie within any known functional domains of the Gata1 protein (UniProt.org). R113C has not been characterized in the scientific literature and therefore, its effect on Gata1 protein function is unknown (PubMed, Aug 2018).
Molecular Profile Protein Effect Treatment Approaches
GATA1 P50L unknown
GATA1 G368C unknown
GATA1 G89fs loss of function - predicted
GATA1 P159H unknown
GATA1 T176I unknown
GATA1 R113H unknown
GATA1 A120S unknown
GATA1 Q76E unknown
GATA1 A55T unknown
GATA1 S187F unknown
GATA1 G340fs unknown
GATA1 G344R unknown
GATA1 T130N unknown
GATA1 D115N unknown
GATA1 E13K unknown
GATA1 G366D unknown
GATA1 G90Afs*47 loss of function - predicted
GATA1 W96R unknown
GATA1 R216Q unknown
GATA1 T54N unknown
GATA1 L321V unknown
GATA1 R307C unknown
GATA1 A120V unknown
GATA1 M1? loss of function - predicted
GATA1 E114K unknown
GATA1 R140W unknown
GATA1 E328K unknown
GATA1 R298W unknown
GATA1 Q76* loss of function - predicted
GATA1 T263M no effect
GATA1 E2K unknown
GATA1 over exp no effect
GATA1 G5V unknown
GATA1 R247C unknown
GATA1 S310Y unknown
GATA1 N226D unknown
GATA1 P150H unknown
GATA1 S129R unknown
GATA1 Q303* unknown
GATA1 Q76H unknown
GATA1 E2Vfs*37 loss of function - predicted
GATA1 K312Q unknown
GATA1 S30* loss of function - predicted
GATA1 A227T unknown
GATA1 P166T unknown
GATA1 P401L unknown
GATA1 P357S unknown
GATA1 D42N unknown
GATA1 mutant unknown
GATA1 E2fs loss of function - predicted
GATA1 R253Q unknown
GATA1 P358Qfs*74 unknown
GATA1 F172L unknown
GATA1 R270W unknown
GATA1 A211V unknown
GATA1 T266M unknown
GATA1 P401S unknown
GATA1 R305* unknown
GATA1 V278M unknown
GATA1 C279F unknown
GATA1 T391M unknown
GATA1 wild-type no effect
GATA1 S116C unknown
GATA1 G366C unknown
GATA1 R307H unknown
GATA1 D20V unknown
GATA1 Y98* loss of function - predicted
GATA1 R307L unknown
GATA1 G340S unknown
GATA1 F33L unknown
GATA1 R113C unknown
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
GATA1 over exp megakaryocytic leukemia decreased response Cytarabine Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, high expression of GATA1 was associated with decreased sensitivity to Cytosar-U (cytarabine) in an non-Down Syndrome megakaryocytic leukemia cell line in culture (PMID: 23874683). 23874683
GATA1 over exp megakaryocytic leukemia decreased response Daunorubicin Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, high expression of GATA1 was associated with decreased sensitivity to Cerubidine (daunorubicin) in a non-Down Syndrome megakaryocytic leukemia cell line in culture (PMID: 23874683). 23874683
GATA1 mutant megakaryocytic leukemia not applicable N/A Clinical Study Diagnostic GATA1 mutations are used in the diagnosis of Down Syndrome related acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (PMID: 25266042, PMID: 14636651, PMID: 12586620). 14636651 12586620 25266042