Reference Detail

Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (28902534)
Authors Kubota K, Yoshioka H, Oshita F, Hida T, Yoh K, Hayashi H, Kato T, Kaneda H, Yamada K, Tanaka H, Ichinose Y, Park K, Cho EK, Lee KH, Lin CB, Yang JC, Hara K, Asato T, Nakagawa K
Title Phase III, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind Trial of Motesanib (AMG-706) in Combination With Paclitaxel and Carboplatin in East Asian Patients With Advanced Nonsquamous Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer.
Journal Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Vol 35
Issue 32
Date 2017 Nov 10
URL
Abstract Text Purpose This phase III, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study determined whether motesanib improved progression-free survival (PFS) compared with placebo in combination with paclitaxel and carboplatin (P/C) in East Asian patients with stage IV/recurrent nonsquamous non-small-cell lung cancer. Patients and Methods Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive oral motesanib 125 mg or placebo once daily plus paclitaxel 200 mg/m2 IV and carboplatin area under the concentration-time curve 6 mg/mL ⋅ min IV for up to six 3-week cycles. Random assignment was stratified by epidermal growth factor receptor status, region, and weight loss in the 6 months before assignment. The primary end point was PFS, the key secondary end point was overall survival, and other secondary end points were objective response rate, time to tumor response, duration of response, and adverse events (AEs). Results Four hundred one patients were assigned to receive motesanib plus P/C (n = 197) or placebo plus P/C (n = 204). Median PFS was 6.1 v 5.6 months for motesanib versus placebo (stratified log-rank test P = .0825; stratified hazard ratio, 0.81; 95% CI, 0.64 to 1.03; P = .0820); median overall survival was not reached versus 21.6 months ( P = .5514). In secondary analyses, the objective response rate was 60.1% v 41.6% ( P < .001); median time to tumor response, 1.4 v 1.6 months, and median duration of response, 5.3 v 4.1 months. Incidence of grade ≥ 3 AEs (86.7% v 67.6%) and AEs that led to drug discontinuation (32.7% v 14.2%) were higher with motesanib than with placebo. AEs reported more frequently with motesanib were GI disorders, hypertension, and gallbladder related. Conclusion Motesanib plus P/C did not significantly improve PFS versus placebo plus P/C in East Asian patients with stage IV/recurrent nonsquamous non-small-cell lung cancer.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Therapy Description
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
Unknown unknown non-small cell lung carcinoma no benefit Carboplatin + Motesanib + Paclitaxel Phase III Actionable In a Phase III trial, Motesanib (AMG 706) in combination with Taxol (paclitaxel) and Paraplatin (carboplatin) did not improve progression-free survival significantly compared to placebo (6.1 vs 5.6 months) in patient with non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (PMID: 28902534). 28902534