Reference Detail

Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (29669295)
Authors Hu HM, Zhao X, Kaushik S, Robillard L, Barthelet A, Lin KK, Shah KN, Simmons AD, Raponi M, Harding TC, Bandyopadhyay S
Title A Quantitative Chemotherapy Genetic Interaction Map Reveals Factors Associated with PARP Inhibitor Resistance.
Journal Cell reports
Vol 23
Issue 3
Date 2018 Apr 17
URL
Abstract Text Chemotherapy is used to treat most cancer patients, yet our understanding of factors that dictate response and resistance to such drugs remains limited. We report the generation of a quantitative chemical-genetic interaction map in human mammary epithelial cells charting the impact of the knockdown of 625 genes related to cancer and DNA repair on sensitivity to 29 drugs, covering all classes of chemotherapy. This quantitative map is predictive of interactions maintained in other cell lines, identifies DNA-repair factors, predicts cancer cell line responses to therapy, and prioritizes synergistic drug combinations. We identify that ARID1A loss confers resistance to PARP inhibitors in cells and ovarian cancer patients and that loss of GPBP1 causes resistance to cisplatin and PARP inhibitors through the regulation of genes involved in homologous recombination. This map helps navigate patient genomic data and optimize chemotherapeutic regimens by delineating factors involved in the response to specific types of DNA damage.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
ARID1A dec exp breast cancer conflicting Talazoparib Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, human mammary epithelial cells with knockdown of ARID1A demonstrated resistance to Talazoparib (BMN673) when compared to parental cells in culture (PMID: 29669295). 29669295