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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Mross K, Frost A, Steinbild S, Hedbom S, Büchert M, Fasol U, Unger C, Krätzschmar J, Heinig R, Boix O, Christensen O|
|Title||A phase I dose-escalation study of regorafenib (BAY 73-4506), an inhibitor of oncogenic, angiogenic, and stromal kinases, in patients with advanced solid tumors.|
|Journal||Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research|
|Date||2012 May 01|
|Abstract Text||Regorafenib is a novel oral multikinase inhibitor of angiogenic (VEGFR1-3, TIE2), stromal (PDGFR-β, FGFR), and oncogenic kinases (KIT, RET, and RAF). This first-in-man, phase I dose-escalation study assessed the safety, pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic, and efficacy profiles of regorafenib in patients with advanced solid tumors.Patients aged 18 years or older with advanced solid tumors refractory to standard treatment were recruited. Regorafenib was administered orally for 21 days on/seven days off in repeating cycles, until discontinuation due to toxicity or tumor progression. Adverse events (AE) were assessed using National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v3.0. Pharmacokinetic profiles were measured after a single dose and on day 21. Pharmacodynamic and efficacy evaluations included tumor perfusion assessment using dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI, plasma cytokines, and tumor response using RECIST (v1.0).Fifty-three patients were enrolled into eight cohorts at dose levels from 10 to 220 mg daily. The recommended dose for future studies was determined to be 160 mg daily, with a treatment schedule of 21 days on/seven days off in repeating 28-day cycles. The most common drug-related grade 3 or 4 AEs were dermatologic AEs (hand-foot skin reaction, rash), hypertension, and diarrhea. Pharmacokinetic analysis revealed a similar exposure at steady state for the parent compound and two pharmacologically active metabolites. Tumor perfusion and plasma cytokine analysis showed biologic activity of regorafenib. Three of 47 evaluable patients achieved a partial response (renal cell carcinoma, colorectal carcinoma, and osteosarcoma).Regorafenib showed an acceptable safety profile and preliminary evidence of antitumor activity in patients with solid tumors.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|Unknown unknown||Advanced Solid Tumor||not applicable||Regorafenib||Phase I||Actionable||In a Phase I trial, Stivarga (regorafenib) demonstrated safety and preliminary efficacy in patients with advanced solid tumors (PMID: 22421192).||22421192|