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Authors Carsten Denkert, Chiara Lambertini, Peter A. Fasching, Katherine L. Pogue-Geile, Max S. Mano, Michael Untch, Norman Wolmark, Chiung-Sheng Huang, Sibylle Loibl, Eleftherios P. Mamounas, Gunter Von Minckwitz, Charles E. Geyer, Thomas Boulet, Chunyan Song, Gail Lewis Phillips, Malgorzata Nowicka, Sanne de Haas, Mark Basik
Title Biomarker data from KATHERINE: A phase III study of adjuvant trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) versus trastuzumab (H) in patients with residual invasive disease after neoadjuvant therapy for HER2-positive breast cancer.
Journal Journal of Clinical Oncology
Vol 38
Issue 15_suppl
Date
URL https://ascopubs.org/doi/abs/10.1200/JCO.2020.38.15_suppl.502
Abstract Text Background: The phase 3 KATHERINE study (NCT01772472) compared adjuvant T-DM1 versus H in patients with residual invasive breast cancer after neoadjuvant chemotherapy plus HER2-targeted therapy. Here we report exploratory analyses of the relationship between invasive disease-free survival (IDFS) and biomarkers potentially related to response. Methods: Formalin fixed paraffin-embedded tissue samples were collected before neoadjuvant treatment and/or at surgery. Surgical samples were used for analyses, except when only pre-treatment samples were available (~20% of cases). DNA was derived to identify PIK3CA hotspot mutations and gene expression (RNA) analysis was used to detect HER2, PD-L1, CD8 and predefined immune signatures including 3-gene, 5-gene, Teffector, chemokine signaling, and checkpoint inhibitor signatures. RNA analysis was adjusted for tumor content and expression levels were dichotomized at the median into low (≤) and high (>) groups. The effect of treatment and biomarkers on IDFS was assessed. Results: PIK3CA mutation (mut) status was available from 1363 (91.7%) patients. T-DM1 IDFS benefit was independent of PIK3CA mut status (mut: HR 0.54; 95%CI 0.23–0.90; non-mut: HR 0.48; 95%CI 0.35–0.65) and no impact of PIK3CA mut was observed within either treatment arm. Gene expression data were available from 1059 (71.3%) patients. Similar gene expression levels were observed between treatment arms, but, unlike the surgical samples (n = 815), the pre-treatment samples (n = 244) were not representative of the ITT population. Thus, subsequent analyses were based on surgical samples (H n = 398; T-DM1 n = 417). Consistent treatment benefit with T-DM1 vs H was observed across the single-gene and immune gene-signature subgroups as in the ITT population. High vs low HER2 expression was associated with worse outcome (HR 2.02; 95% CI 1.32–3.11) within the H arm, but not within the T-DM1 arm (HR 1.01; 95% CI 0.56–1.83). High vs low PD-L1 expression was associated with better outcome within the H arm (HR 0.66; 95% CI 0.44–1.00) but not within the T-DM1 arm (HR 1.05; 95% CI 0.59–1.87). Similar trends were observed in the checkpoint inhibitor subgroups. Conclusions: These exploratory analyses provide the first data on the relationship between biomarker expression in residual disease after HER2-targeted therapy and outcomes. PIK3CA mut status did not influence outcomes with H or T-DM1. T-DM1 benefit appeared to be independent of all biomarkers assessed. Clinical trial information: NCT01772472.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
PIK3CA mutant Her2-receptor positive breast cancer not predictive Ado-trastuzumab emtansine Phase III Actionable In a retrospective analysis of a Phase III trial (KATHERINE), adjuvant Kadcyla (ado-trastuzumab emtansine) treatment demonstrated similar invasive disease-free survival benefit over Herceptin (trastuzumab) in PIK3CA mutant (HR=0.54) and PIK3CA wild-type (HR=0.48) patients with Erbb2 (Her2)-positive breast cancer who had residual invasive disease after neoadjuvant therapy (J Clin Oncol 38, no. 15_suppl (May 20, 2020) 502-502; NCT01772472). detail...