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Ref Type Abstract
Authors Carl E. Allen, Olive Eckstein, Paul M. Williams, Sinchita Roy-Chowdhuri, David R Patton, Brent Coffey, Joel M. Reid, Jin Piao, Lauren Saguilig, Todd Allen Alonzo, Stacey L. Berg, Alok Jaju, Elizabeth Fox, Douglas S. Hawkins, Margaret M. Mooney, Naoko Takebe, James V. Tricoli, Katherine A. Janeway, Nita Seibel, Donald Williams Parsons
Title Selumetinib in patients with tumors with MAPK pathway alterations: Results from Arm E of the NCI-COG pediatric MATCH trial.
Abstract Text 10008. Background: The NCI-Children’s Oncology Group (COG) Pediatric Molecular Analysis for Therapy Choice (MATCH) trial assigns patients age 1 to 21 years with relapsed or refractory solid tumors, lymphomas, and histiocytic disorders to phase 2 treatment arms of molecularly-targeted therapies based on genetic alterations detected in their tumor. Arm E evaluated the MEK inhibitor selumetinib (ARRY-142886) in patients whose tumors harbored activating alterations in the MAPK pathway (ARAF, BRAF, HRAS, KRAS, NRAS, MAP2K1, GNA11, GNAQ hotspot mutations; NF1 inactivating mutations; BRAF fusions). Methods: Patients received selumetinib 25 mg/m2/dose (max 75 mg/dose) PO BID for 28-day cycles until disease progression or intolerable toxicity with response assessments obtained every 2-3 cycles. The primary endpoint was objective response rate (ORR); secondary endpoints included progression-free survival (PFS). Patients with low grade glioma were excluded. Results: A total of 21 patients (median age 14 years; range 5-21) were enrolled between 10/2017 and 8/2019, with 20 patients evaluable for response. Diagnoses were high grade glioma (HGG; n = 8), rhabdomyosarcoma (n = 7), adenocarcinoma (n = 2), and one each of MPNST, endodermal sinus/yolk sac tumor, plexiform neurofibroma (PN), and neuroblastoma. MAPK pathway alterations detected consisted of inactivating NF1 mutations (n = 8), hotspot mutations in KRAS (n = 8), NRAS (n = 3), and HRAS (n = 1), and BRAF V600E (n = 2). No objective responses were observed. Three patients had a best response of stable disease (HGG with NF1 mutation, 6 cycles; HGG with KRAS mutation, 12 cycles; PN with NF1 mutation, 13 cycles prior to removal for dose-limiting toxicity). Six-month PFS was 15% (95% CI: 4%, 34%). Adverse events that were deemed possibly, probably, or definitely attributable to study drug included one case each of grade 3 uveitis, lymphopenia, and thromboembolic event; one grade 4 CPK elevation; and one grade 5 thromboembolic event. Conclusions: Selumetinib did not result in tumor regression in this cohort of children and young adults with treatment-refractory tumors with activating MAPK pathway alterations. Of note, two patients with HGG initially had stable disease, but ultimately progressed after 6 and 12 cycles, respectively. Selumetinib has previously demonstrated activity in low grade glioma and PN and is now FDA-approved for PN. The results of our study indicate that MAPK pathway mutation status alone is insufficient to predict response to selumetinib monotherapy. It is likely that selumetinib and other MEK inhibitors will require combination with targeted or cytotoxic agents for optimal efficacy in children with persistent or progressive cancers after front-line chemotherapy. Clinical trial information: NCT03213691. Clinical trial information: NCT03155620.


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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References