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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Owonikoko TK, Ramalingam SS, Miller DL, Force SD, Sica GL, Mendel J, Chen Z, Rogatko A, Tighiouart M, Harvey RD, Kim S, Saba NF, Pickens A, Behera M, Fu RW, Rossi MR, Auffermann WF, Torres WE, Bechara R, Deng X, Sun SY, Fu H, Gal AA, Khuri FR|
|Title||A Translational, Pharmacodynamic, and Pharmacokinetic Phase IB Clinical Study of Everolimus in Resectable Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.|
|Journal||Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research|
|Date||2015 Apr 15|
|Abstract Text||The altered PI3K/mTOR pathway is implicated in lung cancer, but mTOR inhibitors have failed to demonstrate efficacy in advanced lung cancer. We studied the pharmacodynamic effects of everolimus in resectable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) to inform further development of these agents in lung cancer.We enrolled 33 patients and obtained baseline tumor biopsy and 2[18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) imaging followed by everolimus treatment (5 or 10 mg daily, up to 28 days), or without intervening treatment for controls. Target modulation by everolimus was quantified in vivo and ex vivo by comparing metabolic activity on paired PET scans and expression of active phosphorylated forms of mTOR, Akt, S6, eIF4e, p70S6K, 4EBP1, and total Bim protein between pretreatment and posttreatment tissue samples.There were 23 patients on the treatment arm and 10 controls; median age 64 years; 22 tumors (67%) were adenocarcinomas. There was a dose-dependent reduction in metabolic activity (SUVmax: 29.0%, -21%, -24%; P = 0.014), tumor size (10.1%, 5.8%, -11.6%; P = 0.047), and modulation of S6 (-36.1, -13.7, -77.0; P = 0.071) and pS6 (-41.25, -61.57, -47.21; P = 0.063) in patients treated in the control, 5-mg, and 10-mg cohorts, respectively. Targeted DNA sequencing in all patients along with exome and whole transcriptome RNA-seq in an index patient with hypersensitive tumor was employed to further elucidate the mechanism of everolimus activity.This "window-of-opportunity" study demonstrated measurable, dose-dependent, biologic, metabolic, and antitumor activity of everolimus in early-stage NSCLC.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|Unknown unknown||lung non-small cell carcinoma||not applicable||Everolimus||Phase Ib/II||Actionable||In a Phase Ib trial, Afinitor (everolimus) demonstrated safety and preliminary efficacy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (PMID: 25673697).||25673697|