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|Authors||Ian E. Krop, Norikazu Masuda, Toru Mukohara, Shunji Takahashi, Takahiro Nakayama, Kenichi Inoue, Hiroji Iwata, Tatsuya Toyama, Yutaka Yamamoto, Damien Mikael Hansra, Masato Takahashi, Akihiko Osaki, Kumiko Koyama, Tatsuya Inoue, Takatoshi Yonekura, Joseph Mostillo, Shoichi Ohwada, Yoshimi Tanaka, David W. Sternberg, Kan Yonemori|
|Title||Results from the phase 1/2 study of patritumab deruxtecan, a HER3-directed antibody-drug conjugate (ADC), in patients with HER3-expressing metastatic breast cancer (MBC).|
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Oncology|
|Abstract Text||Background: Patritumab deruxtecan (HER3-DXd) is a novel, investigational ADC composed of a human anti-HER3 monoclonal antibody covalently bound to a topoisomerase I inhibitor payload via a stable tetrapeptide-based cleavable linker. Here we report updated safety and efficacy data from this ongoing study (U31402-A-J101; NCT02980341; JapicCTI-163401) of HER3-DXd in pts with previously treated MBC. Methods: U31402-A-J101 is a phase 1/2, multicenter, open-label, first-in-human study of HER3-DXd in pts with HER3-expressing MBC (N = 182). The study enrolled pts in dose-escalation (3.2-8.0 mg/kg IV Q3W) and dose-finding portions across molecular subtypes (n = 66; including HER2+ MBC, n = 14) followed by dose expansion in the following subtypes: HER3 high (4.8 mg/kg [n = 33] or 6.4 mg/kg [n = 31]), HER3 low (6.4 mg/kg [n = 21]) HR+/HER2− MBC or HER3-high TNBC (6.4 mg/kg [n = 31]). HER3-high and -low were defined as ≥75% and 25% ‒ < 75% membrane positivity. The primary objective was to assess safety and efficacy; secondary objectives included determining the relationship between efficacy and HER3 expression. Results: At data cutoff (16 Aug 2021), median study duration was 31.9 mo (range, 15-56). Median age was 57 y (range, 30-83); 132 (72.5%) and 50 (27.5%) pts had an ECOG PS of 0 or 1. Pts had a median of 5 (range, 1-13) prior lines of therapy for locally advanced/metastatic disease. Median treatment duration with HER3-DXd was 5.9 mo (range, 0.7-30.6). In a pooled evaluation of dose escalation/finding and expansion, efficacy is shown in pts with HR+/HER2− MBC, TNBC, and HER2+ MBC in the Table. Overall, 130 pts (71.4%) had grade ≥3 TEAEs; the most common (≥15%) were decreased neutrophil count (39.6%), decreased platelet count (30.8%), anemia (18.7%), and decreased white blood cell count (18.1%). 12 pts (6.6%) experienced treatment-related interstitial lung disease according to central adjudication, including 1 grade 5 event. Conclusions: A pooled analysis in this heavily pretreated population showed promising efficacy in pts with HR+/HER2− and HER2+ MBC as well as TNBC. The safety profile with longer follow-up is consistent with previous reports and showed adequate safety and tolerability. Studies are ongoing in MBC tumor types, with a focus on biomarkers associated with efficacy. Clinical trial information: NCT02980341.|
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