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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (20556479)
Authors Seznec J, Silkenstedt B, Naumann U
Title Therapeutic effects of the Sp1 inhibitor mithramycin A in glioblastoma.
Journal Journal of neuro-oncology
Vol 101
Issue 3
Date 2011 Feb
URL
Abstract Text Mithramycin A (MitA) is a chemotherapeutic compound which has been used in the therapy of several types of cancer. For experimental cancer it has been shown that MitA mediates the expression of genes involved in tumor progression such as genes involved in immunosurveillance, cell motility or cell death. MitA works synergistically with Apo2L/tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), and with antiangiogenic agents. We were therefore interested in analyzing whether MitA might be a suitable agent for glioma therapy. We demonstrate herein that the cell death sensitizing effects of MitA are cell line specific, independent of the endogenous status of the tumor suppressor p53 as well as of the endogenous expression of X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) or basal sensitivity towards death ligand-induced cell death. In glioma cells, MitA reduced the secretion and activity of the migration-involved matrix metalloproteinases (MMP), diminished vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and increased recepteur d'origine nantais (RON) kinase messenger RNA (mRNA), paralleled by a significant reduction of glioma cell migration. In contrast to other cancer types, in glioma cells MitA did not alter the expression of the immunorelevant genes major histocompatibility complex I class related (MIC)-A, MIC-B or UL16 binding proteins (ULBP). We conclude that, whereas MitA-mediated reduction of XIAP expression and sensitization to Apo2L/TRAIL are cell line specific, its antimigratory effects are more general and might be the result of altered expression of MMP, VEGF, and/or RON kinase. Therefore, MitA might be a potential agent to reduce glioma cell migration.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
Unknown unknown malignant glioma not applicable Plicamycin Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, treatment with Mithracin (plicamycin) induced cell death and inhibited migration of glioma cell lines in culture (PMID: 20556479). 20556479