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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Atienza JM, Roth RB, Rosette C, Smylie KJ, Kammerer S, Rehbock J, Ekblom J, Denissenko MF|
|Title||Suppression of RAD21 gene expression decreases cell growth and enhances cytotoxicity of etoposide and bleomycin in human breast cancer cells.|
|Journal||Molecular cancer therapeutics|
|Abstract Text||A genome-wide case-control association study done in our laboratory has identified a single nucleotide polymorphism located in RAD21 as being significantly associated with breast cancer susceptibility. RAD21 is believed to function in sister chromatid alignment as part of the cohesin complex and also in double-strand break (DSB) repair. Following our initial finding, expression studies revealed a 1.25- to 2.5-fold increased expression of this gene in several human breast cancer cell lines as compared with normal breast tissue. To determine whether suppression of RAD21 expression influences cellular proliferation, RNA interference technology was used in breast cancer cell lines MCF-7 and T-47D. Proliferation of cells treated with RAD21-specific small inhibitory RNA (siRNA) was significantly reduced as compared with mock-transfected cells and cells transfected with a control siRNA (Lamin A/C). This inhibition of proliferation correlated with a significant reduction in the expression of RAD21 mRNA and with an increased level of apoptosis. Moreover, MCF-7 cell sensitivity to two DNA-damaging chemotherapeutic agents, etoposide and bleomycin, was increased after inhibition of RAD21 expression with a dose reduction factor 50 (DRF50) of 1.42 and 3.71, respectively. At the highest concentrations of etoposide and bleomycin administered, cells transfected with a single siRNA duplex targeted against RAD21 showed 57% and 60% survival as compared with control cells, respectively. Based on these findings, we conclude that RAD21 is a novel target for developing cancer therapeutics that can potentially enhance the antitumor activity of chemotherapeutic agents acting via induction of DNA damage.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|RAD21 wild-type||breast cancer||not applicable||N/A||Preclinical||Emerging||In a preclinical study, siRNA inhibition of RAD21 in breast cancer cells resulted in increased sensitivity to Toposaur (etoposide) in culture, suggesting RAD21 may be a potential therapeutic target for enhanced sensitivity to chemotherapeutics (PMID: 15767545).||15767545|