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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Subbiah V, Meyer C, Zinner R, Meric-Bernstam F, Zahurak ML, O'Connor A, Roszik J, Shaw K, Ludwig JA, Kurzrock R, Azad NA|
|Title||Phase Ib/II Study of the Safety and Efficacy of Combination Therapy with Multikinase VEGF Inhibitor Pazopanib and MEK Inhibitor Trametinib In Advanced Soft Tissue Sarcoma.|
|Journal||Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research|
|Date||2017 08 01|
|Abstract Text||Purpose: Pazopanib, a multireceptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor targeting primarily VEGFRs1-3, is approved for advanced soft tissue sarcoma (STS) and renal cell cancer. Downstream of VEGFR, trametinib is an FDA-approved MEK inhibitor used for melanoma. We hypothesized that vertical pathway inhibition using trametinib would synergize with pazopanib in advanced STS.Experimental Design: In an open-label, multicenter, investigator-initiated National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN)-sponsored trial, patients with metastatic or advanced STS received pazopanib 800 mg and 2 mg of trametinib continuously for 28-day cycles. The primary endpoint was 4-month progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary endpoints were overall survival, response rate, and disease control rate.Results: Twenty-five patients were enrolled. The median age was 49 years (range, 22-77 years) and 52% were male. Median PFS was 2.27 months [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.9-3.9], and the 4-month PFS rate was 21.1% (95% CI, 9.7-45.9), which was not an improvement over the hypothesized null 4-month PFS rate of 28.3% (P = 0.79). Median overall survival was 9.0 months (95% CI, 5.7-17.7). A partial response occurred in 2 (8%) of the evaluable patients (95% CI, 1.0-26.0), one with PIK3CA E542K-mutant embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma and another with spindle cell sarcoma. The disease control rate was 14/25 (56%; 95% CI, 34.9-75.6). The most common adverse events were diarrhea (84%), nausea (64%), fatigue (56%), and hypertension (52%).Conclusions: The combination of pazopanib and trametinib was tolerable without indication of added activity of the combination in STS. Further study may be warranted in RAS/RAF aberrant sarcomas. Clin Cancer Res; 23(15); 4027-34. ©2017 AACR.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
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|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
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|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|Unknown unknown||sarcoma||no benefit||Pazopanib + Trametinib||Phase Ib/II||Actionable||In a Phase Ib/II trial, the combination of Votrient (pazopanib) and Mekinist (trametinib) demonstrated safety and resulted in partial response in 8% (2/25) and stable disease in 48% (12/25) of patients with advanced soft tissue sarcomas, but did not improve the 4 month progression-free survival rate over Votrient (pazopanib) alone (PMID: 28377484).||28377484|