Reference Detail

Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (23868008)
Authors Arcaroli JJ, Quackenbush KS, Purkey A, Powell RW, Pitts TM, Bagby S, Tan AC, Cross B, McPhillips K, Song EK, Tai WM, Winn RA, Bikkavilli K, Vanscoyk M, Eckhardt SG, Messersmith WA
Title Tumours with elevated levels of the Notch and Wnt pathways exhibit efficacy to PF-03084014, a γ-secretase inhibitor, in a preclinical colorectal explant model.
Journal British journal of cancer
Vol 109
Issue 3
Date 2013 Aug 06
URL
Abstract Text Dysregulation of the Notch pathway has been identified to play an important role in the development and progression of colorectal cancer (CRC). In this study, we used a patient-derived CRC explant model to investigate the efficacy of the clinical γ-secretase inhibitor (GSI) PF-03084014.A total of 16 CRC explants were treated with PF-03084014. Knockdown of RBPjκ gene was used to determine the specificity of PF-03084014. Evaluation of the Notch and Wnt pathways in CRC explant tumours was performed by gene array and immunoblotting.We identified a subset of CRC tumours that exhibited elevations of the Notch and Wnt pathways sensitive to PF-03084014. Treatment with the GSI resulted in a significant reduction in cleaved Notch, Axin2 (Wnt-dependent gene) and active β-catenin. In addition, knockdown of the RBPjκ gene showed that PF-03084014 has specificity for the Notch pathway in an HCT116 cell line xenograft model. Finally, an increase in apoptosis was observed in CRC001- and CRC021-sensitive tumours.This study provides evidence that inhibition of γ-secretase may be beneficial in a subset of patients with elevated levels of the Wnt and Notch pathways.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Therapy Description
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
NOTCH1 act mut colorectal cancer sensitive PF-03084014 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, the gamma secretase inhibitor PF-03084014 reduced Notch1 cleavage, decreased activation of Notch targets, and increased apoptosis in colorectal cancer cell lines exhibiting increased Notch activation (PMID: 23868008). 23868008