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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Ying W, Du Z, Sun L, Foley KP, Proia DA, Blackman RK, Zhou D, Inoue T, Tatsuta N, Sang J, Ye S, Acquaviva J, Ogawa LS, Wada Y, Barsoum J, Koya K|
|Title||Ganetespib, a unique triazolone-containing Hsp90 inhibitor, exhibits potent antitumor activity and a superior safety profile for cancer therapy.|
|Journal||Molecular cancer therapeutics|
|Abstract Text||Targeted inhibition of the molecular chaperone Hsp90 results in the simultaneous blockade of multiple oncogenic signaling pathways and has, thus, emerged as an attractive strategy for the development of novel cancer therapeutics. Ganetespib (formerly known as STA-9090) is a unique resorcinolic triazolone inhibitor of Hsp90 that is currently in clinical trials for a number of human cancers. In the present study, we showed that ganetespib exhibits potent in vitro cytotoxicity in a range of solid and hematologic tumor cell lines, including those that express mutated kinases that confer resistance to small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Ganetespib treatment rapidly induced the degradation of known Hsp90 client proteins, displayed superior potency to the ansamycin inhibitor 17-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG), and exhibited sustained activity even with short exposure times. In vivo, ganetespib showed potent antitumor efficacy in solid and hematologic xenograft models of oncogene addiction, as evidenced by significant growth inhibition and/or regressions. Notably, evaluation of the microregional activity of ganetespib in tumor xenografts showed that ganetespib was efficiently distributed throughout tumor tissue, including hypoxic regions >150 μm from the microvasculature, to inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis. Importantly, ganetespib showed no evidence of cardiac or liver toxicity. Taken together, this preclinical activity profile indicates that ganetespib may have broad application for a variety of human malignancies, and with select mechanistic and safety advantages over other first- and second-generation Hsp90 inhibitors.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|Unknown unknown||Advanced Solid Tumor||not applicable||Ganetespib||Preclinical - Cell line xenograft||Actionable||In a preclinical study, Ganetespib demonstrated potent anti-tumor effects against a variety of advanced solid tumor cell types and in cell line xenograft models (PMID: 22144665).||22144665|