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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (28827373)
Authors Li J, Gao Z, Zhao D, Zhang L, Qiao X, Zhao Y, Ding H, Zhang P, Lu J, Liu J, Jiang H, Luo C, Chen C
Title PI-273, a Substrate-Competitive, Specific Small-Molecule Inhibitor of PI4KIIα, Inhibits the Growth of Breast Cancer Cells.
Journal Cancer research
Vol 77
Issue 22
Date 2017 11 15
URL
Abstract Text While phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase (PI4KIIα) has been identified as a potential target for antitumor therapy, the clinical applications of PI4KIIα are limited by a lack of specific inhibitors. Here we report the first small-molecule inhibitor (SMI) of human PI4KIIα. Docking-based and ligand-based virtual screening strategies were first employed to identify promising hits, followed by two rounds of kinase activity inhibition validation. 2-(3-(4-Chlorobenzoyl)thioureido)-4-ethyl-5-methylthiophene-3-carboxamide (PI-273) exhibited the greatest inhibitory effect on PI4KIIα kinase activity (IC50 = 0.47 μmol/L) and suppressed cell proliferation. Surface plasmon resonance and thermal shift assays indicated that PI-273 interacted directly with PI4KIIα. Kinetic analysis identified PI-273 as a reversible competitive inhibitor with respect to the substrate phosphatidylinositol (PI), which contrasted with most other PI kinase inhibitors that bind the ATP binding site. PI-273 reduced PI4P content, cell viability, and AKT signaling in wild-type MCF-7 cells, but not in PI4KIIα knockout MCF-7 cells, indicating that PI-273 is highly selective for PI4KIIα. Mutant analysis revealed a role of palmitoylation insertion in the selectivity of PI-273 for PI4KIIα. In addition, PI-273 treatment retarded cell proliferation by blocking cells in G2-M, inducing cell apoptosis and suppressing colony-forming ability. Importantly, PI-273 significantly inhibited MCF-7 cell-induced breast tumor growth without toxicity. PI-273 is the first substrate-competitive, subtype-specific inhibitor of PI4KIIα, the use of which will facilitate evaluations of PI4KIIα as a cancer therapeutic target. Cancer Res; 77(22); 6253-66. ©2017 AACR.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
PI-273 PI-273 2 0
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
PI-273 PI-273 is a small molecule that binds to and inhibits PI4KII-alpha, potentially resulting in decreased proliferation and increased apoptosis of tumor cells, and reduced tumor growth (PMID: 28827373).
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
Unknown unknown breast cancer not applicable PI-273 Preclinical - Cell line xenograft Actionable In a preclinical study, PI-273 induced cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis and decreased proliferation in breast cancer cell lines with wild-type RAS in culture, and inhibited tumor growth in a xenograft model (PMID: 28827373). 28827373
HRAS mutant breast cancer decreased response PI-273 Preclinical - Cell culture Actionable In a preclinical study, breast cancer cell lines harboring RAS mutations, including HRAS-mutant cell lines, demonstrated decreased sensitivity to growth inhibition by PI-273, in culture (PMID: 28827373). 28827373