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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Laroche-Clary A, Lucchesi C, Rey C, Verbeke S, Bourdon A, Chaire V, Algéo MP, Cousin S, Toulmonde M, Vélasco V, Shutzman J, Savina A, Le Loarer F, Italiano A|
|Title||CHK1 inhibition in soft-tissue sarcomas: biological and clinical implications.|
|Journal||Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology|
|Date||2018 Apr 01|
|Abstract Text||Inhibition of ChK1 appears as a promising strategy for selectively potentiate the efficacy of chemotherapeutic agents in G1 checkpoint-defective tumor cells such as those that lack functional p53 protein. The p53 pathway is commonly dysregulated in soft-tissue sarcomas (STS) through mutations affecting TP53 or MDM2 amplification. GDC-0575 is a selective ATP-competitive inhibitor of CHK1.We have performed a systematic screening of a panel of 10 STS cell lines by combining the treatment of GDC-0575 with chemotherapy. Cell proliferation, cell death and cell cycle analysis were evaluated with high throughput assay. In vivo experiments were carried out by using TP53-mutated and TP53 wild-type patient-derived xenograft models of STS. Clinical activity of GDC-0575 combined with chemotherapy in patients with TP53-mutated and TP53 wild-type STS was also assessed.We found that GDC-0575 abrogated DNA damage-induced S and G2-M checkpoints, exacerbated DNA double-strand breaks and induced apoptosis in STS cells. Moreover, we observed a synergistic or additive effect of GDC-0575 together with gemcitabine in vitro and in vivo in TP53-proficient but not TP53-deficient sarcoma models. In a phase I study of GDC-0575 in combination with gemcitabine, two patients with metastatic TP53-mutated STS had an exceptional, long-lasting response despite administration of a very low dose of gemcitabine whereas one patient with wild-type TP53 STS had no clinical benefit. Genetic profiling of samples from a patient displaying secondary resistance after 1 year showed loss of one preexisting loss-of-function mutation in the helical domain of DNA2.We provide the first preclinical and clinical evidence that potentiation of chemotherapy activity with a CHK1 inhibitor is a promising strategy in TP53-deficient STS and deserves further investigation in the phase II setting.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|TP53 mutant||sarcoma||predicted - sensitive||GDC-0575 + Gemcitabine||Phase I||Actionable||In a Phase I trial, GDC-0575 and Gemzar (gemcitabine) combination treatment resulted in a prolonged tumor response in 2 soft tissue sarcoma patients harboring TP53 mutations, and no response in a patient with TP53 wild-type tumor (PMID: 29409053; NCT01564251).||29409053|
|TP53 mutant||fibrous histiocytoma||predicted - sensitive||GDC-0575 + Gemcitabine||Preclinical - Pdx||Actionable||In a preclinical study, GDC-0575 and Gemzar (gemcitabine) combination treatment inhibited tumor growth, prolonged progression-free survival in patient-derived xenogrft (PDX) models of undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (fibrous histiocytoma) (PMID: 29409053).||29409053|