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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Massard C, Azaro A, Soria JC, Lassen U, Le Tourneau C, Sarker D, Smith C, Ohnmacht U, Oakley G, Patel BKR, Yuen ESM, Benhadji KA, Rodon J|
|Title||First-in-human study of LY3039478, an oral Notch signaling inhibitor in advanced or metastatic cancer.|
|Journal||Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology|
|Date||2018 Sep 01|
|Abstract Text||Deregulated Notch signaling due to mutation or overexpression of ligands and/or receptors is implicated in various human malignancies. γ-Secretase inhibitors inhibit Notch signaling by preventing cleavage of transmembrane domain of Notch protein. LY3039478 is a novel, potent Notch inhibitor decreases Notch signaling and its downstream biologic effects. In this first-in-human study, we report the safety, pharmacokinetic (PK) profile, pharmacodynamic effects, and antitumor activity of LY3039478 in patients with advanced or metastatic cancer.This phase I, open-label, multicenter, nonrandomized, and dose-escalation phase study determined and confirmed the recommended phase II dose of LY3039478 (oral dose: 2.5-100 mg, thrice weekly (TIW) on a 28-day cycle). The primary objectives are to determine (part A) and confirm (part B) a recommended phase II dose that may be safely administered to patients with advanced or metastatic cancer, and secondary objectives include evaluation of safety, tolerability, PK parameters, and preliminary antitumor activity of LY3039478.A total of 110 patients were treated with LY3039478 monotherapy between 31 October 2012 and 15 July 2016. Dose-limiting toxicities were thrombocytopenia, colitis, and nausea. Most adverse events were gastrointestinal. The recommended phase II dose was 50 mg TIW, because of its better tolerability compared with 75 mg. The PKs of LY3039478 appeared dose proportional. Pharmacodynamic data indicate an ∼80% inhibition of plasma Aβ, and >50% inhibition of Notch-regulated genes hairy and enhancer of split-1, cyclin D1, and Notch-regulated ankyrin repeat at 45-100-mg dose. Clinical activity (tumor necrosis, metabolic response, or tumor shrinkage) was observed in patients with breast cancer, leiomyosarcoma, and adenoid cystic carcinoma.Potent inhibition of Notch signaling by LY3039478 was well tolerated at doses associated with target engagement, and demonstrated evidence of clinical activity in heavily pretreated patients. Further investigation with LY3039478 as monotherapy and in combination with targeted agent or chemotherapy is ongoing.NCT01695005.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|FBXW7 mutant||Her2-receptor negative breast cancer||predicted - sensitive||LY3039478||Phase I||Actionable||In a Phase I trial, LY3039478 treatment resulted in partial response lasted 9.5 months in a patient with hormone receptor-positive, Erbb2 (Her2)-negative breast cancer harboring FBXW7 mutation (PMID: 30060061; NCT01695005).||30060061|
|Unknown unknown||Advanced Solid Tumor||not applicable||LY3039478||Phase I||Actionable||In a Phase I trial, LY3039478 treatment resulted in 80% inhibition of plasma A-beta and more than 50% inhibition of Notch1-regulated genes in patients with advanced solid tumor, leading to partial response in 0.9% (1/110) and stable disease in 32.7% (36/110) of the patients (PMID: 30060061; NCT01695005).||30060061 detail...|