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|Ref Type||Journal Article|
|Authors||Yang MH, Chen IC, Lu YS|
|Title||PI3K inhibitor provides durable response in metastatic metaplastic carcinoma of the breast: A hidden gem in the BELLE-4 study.|
|Abstract Text||Metaplastic carcinoma of the breast (MCB) is a rare cancer characterized by the histologic presence of two or more histological cell types originating from epithelial and mesenchymal stem cells. Patients with metastatic MCB have a low response rate to conventional chemotherapy and poor survival. Optimal treatment strategies for metastatic MCB are urgently needed.We retrospectively reviewed a patient who had enrolled in the phase II/III seamless study, BELLE-4 (NCT01572727). The patient's response to the study drug assessed by an investigator per protocol and clinical course were examined and compared with those of the main cohorts in the BELLE-4 study.Our patient exhibited metastatic MCB and received systemic chemotherapy, paclitaxel (70 mg/m2/week) and buparlisib (80 mg/day), a pan-class I phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K) inhibitor. The optimal response was a confirmed partial response for 17 months in total. During the compassionated use program period, the tumor regrew when buparlisib was stop because of toxicity, and responded to the treatment again after resumed the buparlisib treatment. The overall survival of the patient after the development of metastatic MCB was 42 months. She experienced grade 3 hyperglycemia similar to that observed in the main cohort.Buparlisib plus weekly paclitaxel might be a new treatment option for patients with metastatic MCB harboring a PIK3CA mutation. Additional prospective studies for investigating the efficacy of the proposed combination are warranted.|
|Molecular Profile||Treatment Approach|
|Gene Name||Source||Synonyms||Protein Domains||Gene Description||Gene Role|
|Therapy Name||Drugs||Efficacy Evidence||Clinical Trials|
|Drug Name||Trade Name||Synonyms||Drug Classes||Drug Description|
|Gene||Variant||Impact||Protein Effect||Variant Description||Associated with drug Resistance|
|Molecular Profile||Indication/Tumor Type||Response Type||Therapy Name||Approval Status||Evidence Type||Efficacy Evidence||References|
|PIK3CA H1047R||breast metaplastic carcinoma||predicted - sensitive||Buparlisib + Paclitaxel||Case Reports/Case Series||Actionable||In a clinical case study, Buparlisib (BKM120) in combination with Taxol (paclitaxel) resulted in a durable partial response in a patient with breast metaplastic carcinoma harboring PIK3CA H1047R, with a total response period of 70 weeks and an overall survival of 42 months (PMID: 30577988).||30577988|