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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (30635336)
Authors Clark AS, McAndrew NP, Troxel A, Feldman M, Lal P, Rosen M, Burrell J, Redlinger C, Gallagher M, Bradbury AR, Domchek SM, Fox KR, O'Dwyer PJ, DeMichele AM
Title Combination Paclitaxel and Palbociclib: Results of a Phase I Trial in Advanced Breast Cancer.
Journal Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Vol 25
Issue 7
Date 2019 Apr 01
URL
Abstract Text The CDK 4/6 inhibitor palbociclib rapidly and reversibly inhibits the cell cycle. The goal of this study was to exploit the cell cycle through intermittent, alternating dosing with palbociclib/paclitaxel to enhance efficacy. We determined the combination dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) in patients with Rb protein-expressing, advanced breast cancer.This open-label, phase I trial (NCT01320592) enrolled patients to sequential cohorts of palbociclib orally dosed intermittently between days 1 and 19 of a 28-day cycle alternating with weekly paclitaxel. Dose escalation proceeded in a standard 3 + 3 design. Ten additional patients received the combination at the recommended phase II dose (RP2D). Those who reached response plateau ≥6 cycles could continue on palbociclib alone on a 3 week on/1 week off schedule at one dose level above their combination dose.Twenty-seven patients enrolled. Although there was only 1 DLT (grade 3 alanine aminotransferase/aspartate aminotransferase at 125 mg), neutropenia (NTP) requiring dose modification in cycle 1 (C1) resulted in an RP2D of 75 mg palbociclib/80 mg/m2 paclitaxel. During C1, the most common adverse event was NTP, occurring in 15 patients (55.6%); grade 1 or 2 nausea and peripheral neuropathy were also observed in 8 patients each (29.6%). The clinical benefit rate was 55% at the RP2D; benefit was observed across all receptor subtypes.Alternating sequential palbociclib/paclitaxel in patients with Rb+ advanced breast cancer is feasible and safe, without evidence of additive toxicity. This represents a new application for CDK 4/6 inhibitors in Rb+ breast cancer regardless of subtype; efficacy trials are warranted.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
RB1 positive breast cancer predicted - sensitive Paclitaxel + Palbociclib Phase I Actionable In a Phase I trial, alternating sequential treatment with Ibrance (palbociclib) and Taxol (paclitaxel) resulted in a median progression-free survival (mPFS) of 209 days in patients with Rb1-positive breast cancer, with a mPFS of 802 days and a clinical benefit rate of 55.6% (5/9) at the recommended phase II dose (PMID: 30635336; NCT01320592). 30635336