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Ref Type Journal Article
PMID (30455436)
Authors Agarwal R, Chan YC, Tam CS, Hunter T, Vassiliadis D, Teh CE, Thijssen R, Yeh P, Wong SQ, Ftouni S, Lam EYN, Anderson MA, Pott C, Gilan O, Bell CC, Knezevic K, Blombery P, Rayeroux K, Zordan A, Li J, Huang DCS, Wall M, Seymour JF, Gray DHD, Roberts AW, Dawson MA, Dawson SJ
Title Dynamic molecular monitoring reveals that SWI-SNF mutations mediate resistance to ibrutinib plus venetoclax in mantle cell lymphoma.
Journal Nature medicine
Vol 25
Issue 1
Date 2019 Jan
URL
Abstract Text Ibrutinib plus venetoclax is a highly effective combination in mantle cell lymphoma. However, strategies to enable the evaluation of therapeutic response are required. Our prospective analyses of patients within the AIM study revealed genomic profiles that clearly dichotomized responders and nonresponders. Mutations in ATM were present in most patients who achieved a complete response, while chromosome 9p21.1-p24.3 loss and/or mutations in components of the SWI-SNF chromatin-remodeling complex were present in all patients with primary resistance and two-thirds of patients with relapsed disease. Circulating tumor DNA analysis revealed that these alterations could be dynamically monitored, providing concurrent information on treatment response and tumor evolution. Functional modeling demonstrated that compromise of the SWI-SNF complex facilitated transcriptional upregulation of BCL2L1 (Bcl-xL) providing a selective advantage against ibrutinib plus venetoclax. Together these data highlight important insights into the molecular basis of therapeutic response and provide a model for real-time assessment of innovative targeted therapies.

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Molecular Profile Treatment Approach
Gene Name Source Synonyms Protein Domains Gene Description Gene Role
Therapy Name Drugs Efficacy Evidence Clinical Trials
Drug Name Trade Name Synonyms Drug Classes Drug Description
Gene Variant Impact Protein Effect Variant Description Associated with drug Resistance
Molecular Profile Indication/Tumor Type Response Type Therapy Name Approval Status Evidence Type Efficacy Evidence References
ATM mutant mantle cell lymphoma predicted - sensitive Ibrutinib + Venetoclax Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial (AIM), distinct molecular profiles were identified in mantle cell lymphoma patients responded to Imbruvica (ibrutinib) and Venclexta (venetoclax) combination therapy compared to those did not respond, with all patients harboring mutations in NSD2 (n=4), UBR5 (n=3), KMT2D (n=3), and 12 of 13 patients harboring mutations in ATM responded to the therapy, while SMARCA4 (n=4), CCND1 (n=2), and NOTCH1 (n=3) alterations were exclusively observed in nonresponders (PMID: 30455436; NCT02471391). 30455436
NOTCH1 mutant mantle cell lymphoma predicted - resistant Ibrutinib + Venetoclax Phase II Actionable In a Phase II trial (AIM), distinct molecular profiles were identified in mantle cell lymphoma patients responded to Imbruvica (ibrutinib) and Venclexta (venetoclax) combination therapy compared to those did not respond, with all patients harboring mutations in NSD2 (n=4), UBR5 (n=3), KMT2D (n=3), and 12 of 13 patients harboring mutations in ATM responded to the therapy, while SMARCA4 (n=4), CCND1 (n=2), and NOTCH1 (n=3) alterations were exclusively observed in nonresponders (PMID: 30455436; NCT02471391). 30455436